No fixation in vision, no correlate in audition: audition: cognitive. Selective attention: dichotic listening, feature integration theory, divided attention: driving & cell phone use. Orienting: endo/exo + over/covert: eye-movements, spatial cueing. Video: count # of passes from ppl in white gorilla passes by; person in black leaves, curtain changes from red to gold. Constantly bombarded by more info than we can process. Attention = gatekeeper; interacts w & changes perception. Attention: mental fuel, like a commodity, can allocate. Found quickly resources to some things & not others: the mental energy or resource that powers the mental system, limited! Attention: the mental process of concentrating effort on a stimulus or mental event. A lot of overlap in research btwn executive control & Visual search finding a target among distracters. More variability so found a bit slower. Selective attention: controls awareness of, readiness to respond to: either a category of stimuli, or location.