PSY305H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Social Stigma, Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill, Feminist Movement

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8 Aug 2016
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PSY306Y0- lecture one
Disability and giftedness & General information
-perspective of general interdisciplinary (big picture) on disability : PSY345 UTM
-Submissions: field trip (take notes!), read articles related to the field trip before we
go. SINGLE SPACE one page: 1) understand the question 2) provide the back-
ground of the answer 3) field trip experience and complete the answer based upon
the field trip experience. *** Don’t bring opinion type of answer “i think, you think”,
PROVIDE evidences! Submit the assignment: Lee.Summer (Chi Chiu) via email!
(One file only per week, i.e 1-2, 3-4, 5-6)
-Tests: MC: less definitions, general and clear. Short answer: lecture focused, but
need to know the definitions enable for you to answer the short answer.
Disability and giftedness
- What does Exceptional mean? Tails! Below average or highest performance as pos-
sible (better than anyone else!) - can go either direction (0.1% high or low)
-Exception from the average, norm, and where most people at. (No certain rule to de-
fine exception line (0.1%, 2%) i.e learning disability (sensory impairments, learning
disability, physical impairments)
-History of social change:
Social isolation: such as ISIS (probably view disability as worthless). Jewish bible:
clear teaching on help those who needed (charity approach), look after people who are
outside of the community. —> individual need to be protected: Charity model: view dis-
ability as needed, less than normal (not equal) and they need help)
In different tradition, some restrict disability people not to serve God or worship God as
other “healthy” people can. (Excluded people!)
i.e Leper colony of Spinalonga: institutional living place for people who have leper: high-
ly contagious (they want to isolated people who have leper) i.e people who got leper
deliver food to some other family, and the family got leper too! —> ill v.s disability
V.S child who born with physical impairment, Down syndrome (back then people know
nothing about microbiology, contagious level, more fear!). Now, we live in days of sci-
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ence, and have less fear (because we know more about different disability v.s virus in-
fection!). Some community contain religious thoughts which create exclusion. i.e child is
born with impairments because of SIN.
One child policy in China: murder child! Who’s going to take care of the farm if the
farmer got a Down syndrome child? Kill it and have another one? —> social isolation!
**** Skip years between: changes occur until 18th century****
Humanitarian and legal reforms in 18th century (Europe): more reasonable and ra-
tional, thinking. Industrial revolution: huge improvement on development! City started to
grow and people start working to cities, people with physical disability got no physical
skills (they then got excluded!). Disability people are left behind, no access to work
place: lack of skills that empower in workplace.
Disability people become homeless, walking on the street, become petty crime and end-
ed up in jail or street. 90% are unemployed! someone need to do something!
Church (non-profit, small organization): jesus told us to help people who in need for
help! churches started to help i.e rich catholic church started to help people in need as
well. (Bring all people together, promote Brother-ing love).
Government (various different level of government): starting to get involved to help as
well! promote inclusion and equality. Government started to collect taxes, use those
money to provide more accessibility for disabilities. —> built institutions
Institutionalize: isolation v.s protection
i.e Orillia Asylum for Idiots: scales (different level) identity different type of disabilities
(different names): transportation system is very limited, very few opportunity to go home
(only via horse car). —> charity model”: need protection! & also think they need to pro-
tected from the society, they have no rights, they do not belong to the society.
Controversial: they should be protected & they got excluded
Segregated school in our society: Good or Bad? not inherently bad! But institutions back
then aren't that great. i.e In Orillia Asylum for Idiots, some kids remain untreated and
died. They don’t even have a grave with their name on it (name doesn’t even matter!
they are only presented by numbers).
Treatment for disability has been up and down: not consistence! discrimination, races,
desire v.s undesirable group. People with disability will always be the FIRST who will be
the white mice in the lab for different kind of experiments (Nazi Germany).
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People who in the institution usually cooperate with Nazi Germany, give away the peo-
ple who they are taking care of. i.e doctors assign people for Nazi Germany for experi-
ments —> mass murder of disabilities.
Social inclusion & human rights approach (1960s in USA: civil rights movement after
WWII): power era of the history of “rights”. During this era they focus primary at “races”
(African Americans- kidnap from Africa and work as slaves in USA), which bring this civil
rights movement!
& “SEX” … Feminist movement: birth control pills started to be use, women started to
fight for their rights and gain job opportunities.
Disability rights demonstration (Picture): public bus stop and not willing to pick up wheel
chair people. Disability people started to ask for accessibilities! just like women and
African American. Ask for citizen rights, moral rights and equality. (FIGHT FOR RIGHTS
are super strong)
i.e Survey of the study he did: most people rated disability people are very different from
themselves, but should have the same rights in the society.
But during this time, A LOT of disability people are result of WWII. They are heroes and
become injuries, they sacrificed themselves but treated like garbage.
Legislation (period of laws, present day laws are in placed): lays out clear standard ex-
pectation to the society for everyone to follow. Law enforcement: telling people what if
they DON’T follow the laws, the result and consequences. **** Education taught us
rules, and proper behaviours regarding to human rights *****
1) legislation 2) enforcement and 3) education
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms- The charter: content itself is good (protect-
ing one’s right, no discrimination). BUT, the law focus not specifically on disability!
There’s no clear process in this law (no standard that tells you what a person can or
cannot do), not specific (lack of information on reasonable accommodation). i.e huge
company need to provide accommodation, small company/start up company do not
need to provide accommodation.
Ontario Human Right code: deal with two primary area employment and housing. It pro-
vide clear prevision! & clear consequences. ** VERY POWERFUL** but this is not a dis-
ability specific law (not a broad federal law) & compare with the AODA, this is a com-
plaint based law (put responsibility on the person who got discriminated). —> lawyers
fee and emotional disturbance! need to face a lot more consequences once you com-
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