Class Notes (922,751)
CA (542,968)
UTSG (45,883)
PSY (3,659)
PSY311H1 (36)
Almas (9)
Lecture

Lecture 1 -Sept 8 2008

6 Pages
63 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY311H1
Professor
Almas

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
PSY311: Lecture #1
sept, 8th, 2008
Notes
x socialization: the process by which individuals acquire the belief, values and behaviours
considerered desirable or appropriate by their culture or subculture
x regulate behaviour
x personal growth
x perpetuates the existing order
x baby biographies
x a detailed record of an infant's growth and development over a period of time
x parsimonious
x concise, uses few explanatory principles
x falsifiability
x capable of generating predictions which can be confirmed or disconfirmed
x heuristic
x builds on existing knowledge and continue to generate testable hypothesis
x original sin
x children are inherently selfish egoists who must be controlled by society
x innate purity
x infants are born with an intuitive sense of right and wrong that is often misdirected by the
demands and restrictions of society
x tabula rasa
x WKHPLQGRIDQLQIDQWLVD³EODQNVODWH´DQGWKDWDOONQRZOHGJHDELOLWLHVEHKDYLRXUVDQG
motives are acquired through experience
x activity/passivity issue
x debate among developmental theorists about whether children are active contributors to
their own development or passive recipients of environmental influence
x continuity/discontinuity issue
x whether developmental changes are best characterized as gradual and quantitative or abrupt
and qualitative
x quantitative change: change in size, ie grow taller.
x qualitative change: change in form, ie. change into frog from tadpole
x developmental stages
x a distinct phase within a larger sequence of development; a period characterized by a
particular set of abilities, motive, behaviours, or emotions that occur together and form a
coherent pattern
x structured interview/questionaire
x same questions asked everytime for everyone
x clinical method
x interview type in which the next question asked depends on the answers provided by the
participants previously
x structured observation
x an observation method in which the investigator cues the behaviour of interest and observes
participants' responses in a laboratory
x time sampling
x procedure in which an investigator records the frequencies with which individuals display
particular behaviours during the brief time interval that each participant is observed
x ethnography
www.notesolution.com
x method in which researcher seeks to understand a culture via extensive observations and
notes
x field experiment
x an experiment that takes place in a naturalistic setting such as the home, the school, or a
playground
x ecological validity
x state of affairs in which the findings of one's research are an accurate representation of
processes that occur in the natural environment
Designs for Studying Development
x cross sectional design
x subjects from different age groups are studied at the same point in time
x cohort: group of ppl who are the same age who experienced the same cultural ,
environmental/ historical events while growing up
x cohort effect
x any effect observed b/w age groups is b/c of their respective environmental backgrounds
as opposed to true development
x longitudinal design
x group of subjects is studied repeatedly over a period of month or years
x selective attrition
x nonrandom loss of participants during a study, resulting in a nonrepresentative sample
x cross generation problem
x b/c the study is long term any conclusions only apply to the current cohort being studied
x sequential design
x subjects from different age groups are studied repeatedly over a period of month or years
x microgenetic design
x children are observed extensively over a limited time period when a developmental change
is thought to occur
x cross-cultural comparison
x compares the development of ppl from different cultural or subcultural backgrounds
Chapter 2
z psychosexual theory
c maturation of sex instinct underlies stages of personality development, and that how parents
manage children's instinctual impulses will determine the traits children come to display
c instinct
inborn biological force that motivates a particular response or class of responses
c eros
instincts to survive ie. hunger, sex, air
c thanatos
self-destructive instincts ie. arson, agression etc.
z id
c part of personality driven by instincts
z ego
c rational component of personality
z superego
c component of personality consisting of one's internalized moral standards
z identification
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
PSY311: Lecture #1 sept, 8th, 2008 Notes N socialization: the process by which individuals acquire the belief, values and behaviours considerered desirable or appropriate by their culture or subculture N regulate behaviour N personal growth N perpetuates the existing order N baby biographies N a detailed record of an infants growth and development over a period of time N parsimonious N concise, uses few explanatory principles N falsifiability N capable of generating predictions which can be confirmed or disconfirmed N heuristic N builds on existing knowledge and continue to generate testable hypothesis N original sin N children are inherently selfish egoists who must be controlled by society N innate purity N infants are born with an intuitive sense of right and wrong that is often misdirected by the demands and restrictions of society N tabula rasa N 9K02L341,3L31,39L8,-O,3N8O,90,39K,9,OON34ZO0J0,-LOL9L08-0K,;L4:78,3 motives are acquired through experience N activitypassivity issue N debate among developmental theorists about whether children are active contributors to their own development or passive recipients of environmental influence N continuitydiscontinuity issue N whether developmental changes are best characterized as gradual and quantitative or abrupt and qualitative N quantitative change: change in size, ie grow taller. N qualitative change: change in form, ie. change into frog from tadpole N developmental stages N a distinct phase within a larger sequence of development; a period characterized by a particular set of abilities, motive, behaviours, or emotions that occur together and form a coherent pattern N structured interviewquestionaire N same questions asked everytime for everyone N clinical method N interview type in which the next question asked depends on the answers provided by the participants previously N structured observation N an observation method in which the investigator cues the behaviour of interest and observes participantsresponses in a laboratory N time sampling N procedure in which an investigator records the frequencies with which individuals display particular behaviours during the brief time interval that each participant is observed N ethnography www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit