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Lecture 4

Lecture 4-Temperament and Emotional Development Sept 29

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY311H1
Professor
Almas

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PSY311: Lecture #4
Temperament & Emotional Development
Sept, 29th, 2008
Introduction to emotions
heart rate
galvanic skin response
goal is to get close to stimuli that bring about positive emotions
discrete emotions theory
specific emotions as being biologically programmed
accompanied by a distinct set of bodily and facial cues
see emotions early in life
emotions are evolutionary adaptive (comes mainly from Darwin)
ie. infant crying will lead to infant being taken care of via food, comfort etc.
happiness, sadness, anger, fright
functionalist approach to emotional development
emotions are goal related
our emotions help us achieve a goal
do not believe emotions are present at birth, but are learned
learned through social experiences
parents guide and teach
Development of Emotions
basic emotions
develop early in life (infants around 2month)
thought to be innate
social smile
interaction (smile) with caregiver
reciprocated by the caregiver and reinforces the smile
fear
6 month
stranger anxiety
fearful response to stranger
separation anxiety
infant is separated from primary caregiver
anger and sadness from negative stimuli/frustration
ie. still face procedure
- complex emotions
emotions relating to self (self-conscious)
if parent emphasis the negative more often, the child will feel more ashamed and embarrassed
on the other hand if parent emphasis the positive more often, then the child will feel more pride
in their accomplishments and relatively less embarrassment and shame when they do something
wrong
as kids gets older they will internalize other ppl's reactions so they will feel the feeling even if
the parent / others is not around when they do some activity that elicit a specific emotion
as kids gets older they will be able to experience positive and negative emotions at the same
time
during adolescence, hormonal levels influence the emotional
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Description
PSY311: Lecture #4 Temperament & Emotional Development Sept, 29th, 2008 Introduction to emotions heart rate galvanic skin response goal is to get close to stimuli that bring about positive emotions discrete emotions theory specific emotions as being biologically programmed accompanied by a distinct set of bodily and facial cues see emotions early in life emotions are evolutionary adaptive (comes mainly from Darwin) ie. infant crying will lead to infant being taken care of via food, comfort etc. happiness, sadness, anger, fright functionalist approach to emotional development emotions are goal related our emotions help us achieve a goal do not believe emotions are present at birth, but are learned learned through social experiences parents guide and teach Development of Emotions basic emotions develop early in life (infants around 2month) thought to be innate social smile interaction (smile) with caregiver reciprocated by the caregiver and reinforces the sm
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