Lecture 4-Temperament and Emotional Development Sept 29

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16 Aug 2010
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PSY311: Lecture #4
Temperament & Emotional Development
Sept, 29th, 2008
Introduction to emotions
๎€ heart rate
๎€ galvanic skin response
๎€ goal is to get close to stimuli that bring about positive emotions
๎€ discrete emotions theory
๎€ specific emotions as being biologically programmed
๎€ accompanied by a distinct set of bodily and facial cues
๎€ see emotions early in life
๎€ emotions are evolutionary adaptive (comes mainly from Darwin)
๎€ ie. infant crying will lead to infant being taken care of via food, comfort etc.
๎€ happiness, sadness, anger, fright
๎€ functionalist approach to emotional development
๎€ emotions are goal related
๎€ our emotions help us achieve a goal
๎€ do not believe emotions are present at birth, but are learned
๎€ learned through social experiences
๎€ parents guide and teach
Development of Emotions
๎€ basic emotions
๎€ develop early in life (infants around 2month)
๎€ thought to be innate
๎€ social smile
๎€ interaction (smile) with caregiver
๎€ reciprocated by the caregiver and reinforces the smile
๎€ fear
๎€ 6 month
๎€ stranger anxiety
๎€ fearful response to stranger
๎€ separation anxiety
๎€ infant is separated from primary caregiver
๎€ anger and sadness from negative stimuli/frustration
๎€ ie. still face procedure
- complex emotions
๎€ emotions relating to self (self-conscious)
๎€ if parent emphasis the negative more often, the child will feel more ashamed and embarrassed
๎€ on the other hand if parent emphasis the positive more often, then the child will feel more pride
in their accomplishments and relatively less embarrassment and shame when they do something
wrong
๎€ as kids gets older they will internalize other ppl's reactions so they will feel the feeling even if
the parent / others is not around when they do some activity that elicit a specific emotion
๎€ as kids gets older they will be able to experience positive and negative emotions at the same
time
๎€ during adolescence, hormonal levels influence the emotional
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