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Lecture 6

Lecture 6-Development of the Self-Concept Oct 20


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY311H1
Professor
Almas
Lecture
6

Page:
of 2
PSY311: Lecture #6
Oct 20, 2008
Chapter 6
Notes
- self: the combination of physical and psychological attributes that is unique to each individual
- looking-JODVVVHOIFKLOVVHOIFRQFHSWLVODUJHO\GHWHUPLQHGE\WKHZD\VRWKHUSSOUHVSRQGWR
him
- social cognition: thinking having to do with thoughts about others
Development of the Self-Concept
- proprioceptive feedback
o sensory information from your body that help you locate the position of your body or
parts in space
- personal agency: to recognize that one is the cause of an event
- self-recognition: the ability to recognize yourself in a mirror
- rouge test: test of self-reconigiton that involves putting a red dot on the infants nose and see
how they respond (by wiping it off their own face or wiping it off on the mirror)
- present self
o recognize yourself at the present but cannot link events to the past with yourself and
future events (2-3yrs old)
- extended self
o able to integrate past, present and future into concept of self
o 3.5-5yr olds
- categorical self
o classification of self along important social categories such as race, gender etc.
- public self: aspect of self others can see
- private self: aspects of self that are known to you but not others
- WKHRU\RIPLQGDXQGHUVWDQGLQJWKDWSSO¶VDFWLRQVDUHJXLGHGE\their mental sates that may not
be obvious to outside observers
- joint attention: attending to the same stimuli as someone else, such as watching a TV that Dad is
watching
- desire thoeorists
o EHOLHYHWKDWRQO\GHVLUHFDQLQIOXHQFHDSHUVRQ¶VDFWLRQV\UROd)
- belief-desire theorists
o EHOLHYHWKDWERWKGHVLUHDQGEHOLHIFDQLQIOXHQFHDSHUVRQ¶VDFWLRQV-4 yr olds)
- false-belief task
o WRDVVHVVZKHWKHUWKHFKLOGKDVOHDUQHGWKDWSSO¶VEHOLHIVPD\EHZURQJ
Self-Esteem: The Evaluative Component of the Self
- self-esteem
o HYDOXDWLRQRIRQH¶VVHOIZRUWKEDVHGRQDVVHVVPHQWRIWKHVHOI-concept
o relational self worth
self worth is perceived differently by the agent in different relationship contexts
ie. Feel good when in company of friends and not good when in company of
parents
www.notesolution.com
Who am I going to Be? Forging and Identity
- identity
o mature self-definition; a sense of who you are, where you belong in society and where
you are going in life
o identity crisis: confused about your identity
o 4 categories on pg. 181
The Other Side of Social Cognition: Knowing about Others
- behavioural comparison
o form impression of others by comparing and contrasting their overt behaviours
- psychological construct
o EDVHRQH¶VLPSUHVVLRQRIRWKHUVRQVWDEOHWUDLWVWKDWLVDVVXPHGIRUWKHSHUVRQ
- psychological comparison
o form impressions of others by comparing and contrasting their psychological constructs
o ie. Billy is more artistic than Ted.
- Role taking
o 7KHDELOLW\WRDVVXPHDQRWKHUSHUVRQ¶VSHUVSHFWLYHDQGLQWHQWLRQVHWF
o Role-taking theory on pg. 191
o
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