Textbook note-Chapter 13-Peer as Socialization Agents Nov 12

46 views2 pages
Published on 16 Aug 2010
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY311H1
Professor
Page:
of 2
Chapter 13
Nov, 12th, 2008
Extrafamilial Influences II: Peer as Socialization Agents
Who is a Peer and What Functions do Peer Serve?
- peers
o 2 or more persons who are operating at similar levels of behavioural
complexity
- mixed-age interactions
o interactions among children who differ by 1 yr or more in age
- mother only monkeys
o raised with only mothers and denied contact of peers
o the opposite is true for peer only monkeys
The Development of Peer Sociability
- sociability
o RQH¶VZLOOLQJQHVVWRLQWHUDFWZLWKRthers and to seek their attention or
approval
- social skills
o thoughts, action and emotion regulation that allow children to achieve
their goals while maintaining their relationships
- nonsocial activity
o watch others or play by themselves
- parallel play
o play along side other kids but do not influence each other
- associative play
o same as parallel play but now swap stuff with each other
- cooperative play
o social play, reciprocal feedback
- peer groups
o group of peers that interact regularly, have a set of norms to the group
membership
- cliques
o smaller set of ppl than peer groups who interact regularly
- crowd
o large group of peers made up of individual and cliques who share similar
norms, interests and values
o ie. Jocks, brains, ganstas etc.
Peer Acceptance and Popularity
- peer acceptance
o DPHDVXUHRIWKHSHUVRQ¶VOLNHDELOLW\RUQRWLQWKHH\HVRISHHUV
- sociometric techniques
o procedures that ask children to identify with those peers whom they like or
dislike
www.notesolution.com
- popular children: liked by many
- rejected children: disliked by many
- neglected children: few nomination for like or dislike
- controversial children: many + and many ±
- average-status children: average number of like and dislike from members of their
peer group
- aggressive-rejected children
o high level of hostility and aggression leads to rejections
- withdrawn-rejected children
o passive and socially anxious/unskilled leads to rejection
- coaching
o method of social-skills training in which the therapist coaches the child on
what is socially acceptable behaviour and not etc .
- social problem-solving training
o method of social-skills training in which an adult helps children (through
role playing and role taking) to make less hostile attributions about
harmdoings and to generate nonaggressive solutions to conflict
Children and Their Friends
- friendship
o strong and often enduring relationship b/w two individuals characterized
by loyalty, intimacy and mutual affection
- self-disclosure
o act of revealing private or intimate information about oneself to another
person
- social support
o tangible and intangible resources provided by other ppl in times of
uncertainty or stress
- prospective study
o a study to determine cause and effect by isolating the suspected cause
early and following it longitudinally
- deviancy training
o LQWHUDFWLRQVDPRQJGHYLDQWSHHUVWKDWSHUSHWXDWHDQGLQWHQVLI\DFKLOV
behavioural problems and antisocial conduct
Parents and Peers as Influencing Agents
- cross-pressures
o conflicts arising from difference in values advocated by parents and peers
o
www.notesolution.com

Document Summary

Who is a peer and what functions do peer serve: 2 or more persons who are operating at similar levels of behavioural. Mother only monkeys interactions among children who differ by 1 yr or more in age: raised with only mothers and denied contact of peers the opposite is true for peer only monkeys. The development of peer sociability sociability: 430833088943907,. 994thers and to seek their attention or approval social skills thoughts, action and emotion regulation that allow children to achieve their goals while maintaining their relationships. Peer acceptance: ,20,8:70419050784380,-9473493900084150078 sociometric techniques, procedures that ask children to identify with those peers whom they like or dislike www. notesolution. com rejected children: disliked by many. Children and their friends friendship: strong and often enduring relationship b/w two individuals characterized by loyalty, intimacy and mutual affection self-disclosure, act of revealing private or intimate information about oneself to another person social support.