Single culture studies- within culture agreement tend to form agressions of others in similar ways. American and chinese ss; judgements of personality traits associated with photographs of faces. People with older looking faces- wordly, wise, high levels within culture agreement in contrast to younger faces. When cultures see other faces- cross cultural agreement when inferring faces. In addition separate studies looked at predictive validity whether or not people are able to predict real world implication or real world behaviours found high levels of agreement. Can predict when candidate could win a vote based on face impression from photos. Predict real world outcomes whther this candidate will win a election. Candidates being more comptent based on person perception were likely to win election. Even though process of person perception is universal, culture influences this. So rating inferred regarding phtos of candidates were similar acorss american and japanese cultures. Participants asked to whether or not the candidate would win an election.