PSY322H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Negativity Bias, Just-World Hypothesis, Canada Men'S National Soccer Team

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25 Jan 2013
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PSY Lecture 9:
Sexual Orientation
Ageism
Fiske Prejudice Model:
4 types of types based on competence and warmth.
Warmth:
Prejudice:
1. Incompetent but warmth
Low status, not competitive
Results in paternalistic prejudice
A condescending treatment. Talking down to, not taking them seriously but NO hostility.
Warm feelings but do not respect them as much.
E.g. elderly, disabled and housewives.
2. Incompetent and not warm
Low in status, competitive
Results in contemptuous prejudice
Welfare, poor people
3. Competent but not warm
High status, competitive
Results in Envious prejudice
Jews, Asians, Feminists, Wealthy people.
4. Competent and warm
High in warmth, no competition
In-groups and close allies. Admiration
Stereotypes of Working Moms
Fiske et al 2004
How are working moms viewed compared to working ads and working women without
children
Ps rated fictional targets: Competence, warmth, likelihood of professional rewards
Target: either male/female with a child or not
Predictions:
Working moms would be viewed as housewives are viewed: warm but incompetent
Working moms warmer but less competent than working women without kids
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Fewer professional rewards for working moms
Results:
Working moms are rated as the warmest and incompetent
Working moms are rated as warmer than lower in competence than working women
without kids.
Working moms were the least likely to receive rewards.
Working dads are rated the same competence and warmer and more likely to
receive awards than working man without children.
Working Dads: admiration
Working Moms: paternalistic prejudice.
Implications:
Women accounted for only 14.4% of executive positions
Women continue to earn less than men. The ratio is 81:100.
Sexism:
Old-fashioned sexism
Endorse in traditional gender roles and gender stereotypes
Believe in different treatment of men and women
Modern seism
Less blatant, denial of discrimination against women
Non-support of programs and legislation to help women
Benevolent vs. Hostile
Benevolent: positive but stereotyped views, paternalistic prejudice.
Hostile: negative attitudes. Belief in inferiority and incompetence
Canada rankings out of 135 countries:
Overall for women: 18
Econmic:10
Education: 31
Political: 26
Health and survival: 49
Iceland has the least gender gap difference, Scandinavian countries.
Other Signs of Sexism: Sports
University Sports in Canada
Men make up only 44% student body by have 56% of the varsity sport opportunities
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