Lecture 2

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18 Feb 2011
Lecture 2: Dominance and Interdependence
Extraterrestrial Sociologist Game
oLarger, dominant, powerful, amass most resources
oLower status but have pheromone (which gives Ehormbs a fantastic high)
oInterdependent (must be hostile if there is no pheromone)
Significance of the study
oAmbivalent attitudes towards each other
oEhormbs: t hink they are superior but still have positive feelings
oJumeres: resent the ehormbs power/resources but admire their success/achievement and want to attract to
get resources
Gender Exceptionalism
Unique gender relations: interdependent, ambivalent
Social Distance Scale is used to assess many group relations but it does NOT work for gender relations
oAmbivalent! most sexist men would still want to marr y a woman
Most men have positive attitudes towards women BUT want to maintain gender inequality/male dominance
***Men and womens sexual interdependence HELP to shape society’s male dominance (patriarchy)***
The Nature and Origins of Patr iarchy
A)Dominance as Protection
Men can achieve reproductive success through coercive sex
Chimps vs. bonoboos infanticide, strong male dominance vs. l ack of competition for mates, egalitari an
Females protect themselves from aggression by pair ing with a male who can protect her from othe r aggressive
males and provide for her offspring (this will provide males a higher degree of paternal certainty as well)
Historically and culturally, men have been the dominant sex, more physically aggressive, and more likely to
endorse a social dominance orientation (vs. women tend to endorse egalitarian views)
B)Critics of the Evolutionary Account
Hunter-gatherer environment was more egalitarian and less hierarchy (women ALSO gathered food = less need
to naturally select dominant males for resources)
Agriculture brought the ability to store food men (who are physically strong) more likely to win and gain the
Women not only want men who can protect and provide BUT ALSO want those who commit
HENCE, competence to provide, social cooperation, agreeableness to commit > dominance
C)Social Structural Account of Patriarchy
Our f lexibility and openness help us to learn from each other and adapt to and thrive in changing conditions
better than instinctual drives of animals do
Social structural: physical differences between sexes + cultural developments = patri archal societies
Womens ties to children make t hem confined to the home
Mens g reater strength amass more resources than women can
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