PSY333H1 Lecture Notes - Stim, Smoking Cessation, Everytime

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29 May 2012
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PSY333 MAY 23, 2012
HEATLH BEHAVORYS 3
HEALTH PROMOTION
- Hand sanitier
- Health promotion process enabling people to increase control over and to omprove their
health
- Good health is a personal and collective achievement what do for each other and personal
achievem
- Individual develop goof health habits early in life and have them cont through adulthood
brushing teeth, seatbelt, ind behaviours
- Medical practioner teach people how to achieve this lifestley and help those at risk
physicians cardiologist hand in promiting health habuts salt activity decreasing sedentary
lifestyle medications practitioner is teacher/educator
- Psychologist play role in developing interventions to help people practice healthy behaviours
and change poor ones cig packages risk of health
- Comm./nation general empahis on good health achieving good ealth enhance ability of indi
to promtote own health
An intro to role of behv factor
- Change change from infectious or acute to chronic illness
Leading casues of death
- 20 to 2000s
- Decrease acute or infect like tb treatment innovations and public health standards
- As surving longer time for other conditions to set in chronic illneses stem from preventive
disorders we have control over behavior that increases risk like preventable like not to
smoke risk factor so decrease so stop smoking alc and drug abuse preventable
- Clear role of behavior factors in diseases
- Role for behavior factors what we do contribute how healthy we are
- Behavior role in disease
- Half of deaths in Canada casuse by modifidable behavior smoking, poor diest
Health beh
- Health be beh we inbtake to enahbnce or maintain health
- Health habits healt related behaviours that are firmly esatbkished and oerfoermd auto without
awareness stabilize at age 12 11 reinforced by parents brushing teeth
- Develop initially reinforcement by positive outcomes and then ind of reinforcement and is
maintained by envieromental factors and resistant to changer
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Risk factoris for the leading casuses of death in Canada
- Heart disease eating habits, exercise, smoking, diet,
- Cancer sun exposure, sunscreen, screening,
- Stroke stress, hypertention
- Accidental injury safety, hiring someone , not driving while drinking, wear proper gear, mind
alteing substance
- Chronic lung disease smokking, envireonement
Benefits of suceesgul modification of health behavior
- Reduce deasth due to lifestyle behaviours
- Delay time of desath increasing longevity and life expectancy and quality of life
- Expand number of years in which person enjoy life free from compliatctions of chronic disease
- May begin to make a dent in the more than 1 trillion that is spent yearly on health and illness
promote then waiting to help
Primary prevention
- Instilling good health habits and changing poor ones is task of primary prevention
- Two tasks
- Ppl chamge problematic health behaviours weight loss programs
- Second prevent ppl developing poor heaslth habits in the first place smoking prevention in
teens most recent approach how to eat healthy early on at risk groups before bad habits
are instilled teens at high risk so programs targeted to teens not to engage or change
bheaviours most recent approach is prevention
What factors influence health related behave
- 1 scoioeconmic se status drive to focus on health related behaviours
- 2 age childhood, adolescence, later adult hood like teens problematic age is factor in
health realted a U shape childhood healthy bc looked by parents suprivision and then dip at
adolescence at lowest bc less suprivision and with time the ability to engage healthy goes back
and then later health beahviours goes down bc of mobility for exercise or access services ,
decreased eyesight
- 3 gender eating females more nutritious but more dieting physical activity greater for male
as while as alc consumption no clear winner in gender war
- 4 - ethnic - smoking aboriginal youth 3x more likely candaian average diabetes more
prevalent abdominal fat high risk of heart disease Chinese more abdo fat for risk at
cardiovascular disease then europes
- 5 values example exerices and women in different cultures emphasis in what is important
what healhy behavior could play role in if community actually values it like bodyweight and
exxeceise seen different in African some more plumb is better is social status able to afford to
feed self well good resources to marriage
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- 6 personal control -0 health locus of control: perception ones health is under personal control,
is controlled by powerful others such as physicisans or is determined by external factors
including chance personal control = better health habits
- 7 social influence - =ve or ve
- 8 personal goals
- 9 perceived symptoms smoker gets a cough were attribute if to smoke cut down on smoking
- 10 access to health care services pap smears in nicuargaua in Canada easy access less
true even in canda remote locations access requires them to drive dteremine if the get
screening pap smear for cervical cancer -
- 11 place rural = less access to services
- 12 cognitive belief that behviours are benefeical and which ones are not
Health habits diff to change
- Health habits good or bad hard to change that behavior
- Differ hh are controlled by diff favtors (env or personal) what controls diet selection of food
healthy foods more time in preparation to shop and prepare
- What about descisin to exercise time access to facility
- Diff fact may control the same health behavioiur for different people
- Fact controlling health behave may change over the the history of the behavior (initiating
factors no longer there) friends smoke so u did peer pressure so maintained bc now enjoy
sensation pyshicall dependence
- Factors control hb may change across a lifetime (peer groups) peer groups initiate bad but
help maintain exercise and overeat more with others then alone drug use
Who do we need to intervene with
Wy intervent with chidlerena nd adol
- Hh influecen by early socialization role models = 1st parent later friends
- Health promotion efforts capitalize on edu opp to prevent poor health habits from developing
- Teachable moment certain time are better for teaching particular health practives then others
- Window of vulnerability for smoking and drug use that occurs in junior high school when the
students are first exposed to these habits among their peers
- wofv good better some time bad more likely
- research suggest precatuins taken early life like adol may be more predictive of disease after 45
then adult behaviours
- this means hh practive teens predict chronic diseases they have and what ult die of
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