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Lecture 3

PSY333H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Teachable Moment, Health Promotion, Uch


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY333H1
Professor
Nevena Simic
Lecture
3

Page:
of 7
PSY333 Lecture 3
Today is about health promotion. Hand sanitizing.
Health promotion: Precess enabling people to increaser
control over, and to imporove, their health
Good health is collective and personal
individual: develop good health habits early in life
and have them continue through adulthood
COLLECTIVE:
medical practitioner: teach people how to acvhieve
this lifestyle and help those ‘at risk’ teacher
educator, educatoe about proper and good health
habits to achieve optimal health.
Psychologist: development of interventions to help
people practice healthy behaviours and chage poor
ones.
Community/Nation general emphasis on good
health.
Patterns of disease changed dramatically over the past 70
years.
Perevalence of acute diseases has gone down but the
preventable disorders have gone up.
Clear role of behavioural facrots in disease
Approximately ½ deaths in Canada are caused by
modifiable behaviours *smoking, poor diet, physical
inactivity).
Health behaviours are behaviours undertaken to enhance or
maintain our health, becomes HEALTH HABIT, health
related behaviour that is so well established that we
perform it almost automatically. Habits develop in
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childhood and stabilize around 11 or 12. i.e wearing a
seatbelt
developed initially b/c reinforced by specific
positive outcomes eventually becomes independent
reduce death due to lifestyle-related diseases
delay time of death; increasing longevity and life
expectancy of population
We spend more than a trillion dollars that is spen on health
and illness. If we found a way to prevent illness we would
reduce those costs.
Two tasks:
getting people to change problematic behaviours
weight loss programs
prevent people from developing poor health habits
in the first place
smoking prevention in teens
Factors that influence health behaviours
socioeconomic factors
age: childhood, teenagehood, adulthood
gender no clear winner
eating: f- more healthy eating but more unhealthy
dieting
Ethnic
smoking: aboriginal youth- 3x> Canadian
average
diabetes: aboriginal peoples
abdominal fat: chinese vs. European descent
Canadians
greater risk of heat disease, hypertension,
diabetes.
Health behaviour high in childhood, dips in adolescence,
comes back in adulthood, dips again in old age.
Values: ex exercise and women in different cultures
Personal control
Health locus of control: perception that one’s
health is under personal control, is controlled by
powerful others uch as physicians, or is
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deteremined by external factors includeing
chance
Personal control= better health habbits
Social influence: -+ve
Personal goals
Perceived symptoms smoker who develops a cough
attributes the cough to smoking or illness if they
attribute it to smoking they are more likely to cut
down.
Access to health care services – Pap smears in
Nicaragua
Place- rural = less access to services, poorer eating
habits, lower activity at leisure ime, and higher rates
of smoking.
Cognitive belief that behaviours are beneficial
Health habits are very difficult to change.
different habits are controlled by different factors.
Factors that control a health behavior can change.
People are more likely to overeat with others than on their
own… you don’t say.
Health habits influenced bye early socialization
"Role models – 1st parents, later friends
Health promotion efforts capitalize on educational
opportunities to prevent poor health habits from developing
teachable moment certain times are better fo
teaching particular health practices tha notehrs
window of vulnerability- for smoking and drug use
that occurs in junior high school when the students
are first exposed to thes habits among their peers
teenagers and aboriginals are at risk groups
people do not always perceive their reisk correctly
(unrealistic optimism)
people tend to view their poor health behaviours as widely
shared by their healthy behaviours as more distinctive
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