Lecture 5

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18 Jul 2011
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PSY336 Positive Psychology
Lecture #5
February 16, 2011
Think of a BIG PROBLEM:
oProbability that youre going to achieve your goal (1 to 5)
oHow hard you are working towards it (1 to 5)
oWhat are you doing? ____________________________
Appraisals, framing, self-talk
oWhat could you be doing? _______________________
On average, as a class, theres more we can do than we actually do!
What are you?
oYou are a thinking system
Is there any way you can change your though process?
Change attributions? Framing?
What kinds of thoughts pop into your head?
oDo you ruminate?
oAll processes are thinking processes
oIn the moment you can change the thinking process
oAutomatizing changing thinking processes is harder
oYou are also an emotional system
Goal pursuit
Person dominated by negative affect; narrowed focus cant nurture; positive emotion
opens up
increasing positive affect
Is there any way for you to change your emotional state in the moment?
i.e. pretty pictures, candy, relaxing scenes
oYou also a healing system
Indirect way of solving problem
Come up with more ideas to solve problems
oYou are a physiological system
Bad care of body (run-down) =
How can you enhance physiological positivity?
i.e. eat a little less crappy food
oYou are a social system
Quality of relationships affects you
Arguably the most important aspect of quality of life
What can you do to improve your social system?
i.e. spend more time with people you like, less time with people you dont
i.e. do nice things for people or express gratitude/value them posttraumatic
growth
3 4 solutions on average (of class); once you consider different facets of your being, you have more
solutions
oIncrease options things you can do
BIG problems: bring factors together to solve issues
HOPE
oSelf-efficacy, optimism, positive illusions, agency
oSnyder: Hope theory
oPathway and agency work together
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PSY336 Positive Psychology
Lecture #5
February 16, 2011
Pathway: a knowledge from how to get from
point A point B
Agency: self-efficacy, competence, perceived
control, empowerment
-causality (developmental theory)
-in-the-moment goals
- “I cant solve this problem yet
-Thinking of different way to solve
problems
-Only really important for HARD things; to
give yourself excess options for easy
problems is counterproductive
-Alternative solutions there must be
another way!
- “I can do it!
-Based on experiences in past; success
(overcoming challenges), positive feedback,
being valued
-Peoples past tells something about them
developmentally
- (i.e. security leads toagency over
time(inherit how to solve problems)
-Reminding self of strengths, practice positive
self-talk
-When you see a kid say ____, you say it
right back to them!
oConstantly run into negative self-talk
oThis is too hard, I cant do this!
oSay it back to them: you cant do this
yet.
oAcknowledge that its hard, but show
kids that they will be able to do it!
They help you feel a sense of hope
They feed back
Build up sense of power
How to approach difficult things
oSEM Tesser we value things were good at
oPathway
Emotional setOutcome value
(Approach orientation)|
Agency | |
If someone lacks it, they could devalue Easier for them to value it
the domain OR approach other things
(aka dysfunction) to make themselves
feel better i.e. cocaine doesnt
add to your being as a person
opathways
Emotional state  outcome value successful goal pursuit
agent
oAnimals in inescapable pain: what precedes this something to do (i.e. chewing on self,
smoking, etc.)
Awkward situation at bar: you drink, have something to do
oChallenges (hope system) successful goal pursuits
oSmall caveat: wisdom” some things you just CANT change
Goal flexibility putting some goals on hold, giving up on certain ones
Reality check
REALLY hard circumstances = change goals
Deconstruct + tackle = makes you wonder what is impossible?
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