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Lecture 6

LEC6 – Metacognition Mindfulness and Flow Oct 22 2009

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY370H1
Professor
John Vervaeke

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PSY370: Thinking and Reasoning
LEC6 Metacognition, Mindfulness, and Flow
Oct, 22nd, 2009
Transfer
! roles of transfer in insight as procedural
! failure of transfer through analogy (Gick & Holyoak)
! plausible theory to ppl b/c the main mechanism for transfer is through analogy (even though
it was wrong)
Gentner: Structure mapping theory
! importance of analogy to insight
! analogies work by mapping a common system of relations b/w the source and the target (ie.
solar system and atom)
! sun vs. atom
SUN
ATOM
sun attracts planets
necleous attracts electrons
planet orbit sun
electrons orbit nucleous
equilibrium b/w attraction and orbits
equilibrium b/w attractions and orbits
! Gentner proposes that this mapping of relations can be formalized
! this require formal distinction b/w attribution and relational properties
ROUND
ball
predicate
argument
! attributes are predicates that take one argument
! LARGER (x) = attribute
! relations are predicates that take two or more
! COLLIDE (x, y)
! distinction b/w first order and higher order predicates
! different b/w relations, and relation between relations
! higher order is the latter, while former is lower order
! lower order take objects as their arguments ie. COLLIDE (truck, car); both truck and car =
objects
! higher order take predicates as their arguments ie. CAUSE [COLLIDE (truck, car), STRIKE
(woman, man)]
! going back to the sun vs. atom example the formal structure is:
! EQ[ ATTRACT (x,y), ORBIT (y, x)]
! Gentner is aware that any 2 subjects can be found infinitely similar or dissimilar to each other
(first proposed by Goodman)
! Goodman
! analogy cannot be done by similarity
! similarity is too unconstraint
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Description
PSY370: Thinking and Reasoning LEC6 Metacognition, Mindfulness, and Flow Oct, 22nd, 2009 Transfer roles of transfer in insight as procedural failure of transfer through analogy (Gick & Holyoak) plausible theory to ppl bc the main mechanism for transfer is through analogy (even though it was wrong) Gentner: Structure mapping theory importance of analogy to insight analogies work by mapping a common system of relations bw the source and the target (ie. solar system and atom) sun vs. atom SUN ATOM sun attracts planets necleous attracts electrons planet orbit sun electrons orbit nucleous equilibrium bw attraction and orbits equilibrium bw attractions and orbits Gentner proposes that this mapping of relations can be formalized this require formal distinction bw attribution and relational properties ROUND ball
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