Class Notes (923,814)
CA (543,272)
UTSG (45,887)
PSY (3,659)
PSY370H1 (21)
Lecture 9

LEC9 – Pragmatic Reasoning Schema and Cheater Detection Nov 5 2009?

4 Pages
87 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY370H1
Professor
John Vervaeke

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
PSY370: Thinking and Reasoning
LEC9 Pragmatic Reasoning Schema and Cheater Detection
Nov, 5th, 2009
Review: Dual Processing Level
! propositional / sequential / computational
! pattern based / procedural / parallel processing
Kershaw & Ohlssan 2004
! challenge implicit assumption in W&A: there is a single difficulty that once overcome will lead
to insight problem solving
! alternative: multiple reinforcing constraints
! if this is the case you need to have pattern based / PDP
! attacking a problem that is mutually reinforcing sequentially, will lead to the system
reconstructing itself and resisting. Hence we need to use PDP, and use pattern recognition
abilities more.
! Insight may be procedural in nature because they are multiple reinforcing constraints in
them, similar to how we need to solve a procedural problem
! complex skills are what we need when we have insight problems -> procedural in nature
! single difficulty stems from theoretical confusion
! there is often a single key action to solve the insight problem
! key: salient and necessary to solving the problem
! ie. 9 box: key = go outside the box
! the fact that there is a single key action to solve the insight problem does not mean there is a
single difficulty
! there may be multiple mutual difficulty
! similar to confusion of necessity and sufficiency
! 3 kinds of factors
1. perceptual factors (pattern factors)
figural integrity
Gestalt laws
relevant and salience patterns
cognition and perception is oriented to patterning information
! Processing Factors (formulation factors)
Search space factors
mental look ahead
! Knowledge factors (Transfer factors)
poor or inappropriate transferring
! all 3 factors are all mutually reinforcing
! ex. 9 dot problem
have to pattern the figure (break the figure of the square, alter background and
foreground relationship)
have to formulate what to do outside the 9 dots, search space is very large in the “going
outside the 9 dots” hint
transfer issues -> break with past experiences where connecting dots leads closed figure
! key is to attack all 3 factors together in a coordinated manner, the harder problems are the
problems in which more constraints are imposed mutually from the 3 factors
! K&O
! ran experiment involved in procedurally training difficulty on all 3 factors
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
PSY370: Thinking and Reasoning LEC9 Pragmatic Reasoning Schema and Cheater Detection Nov, 5th, 2009 Review: Dual Processing Level propositional sequential computational pattern based procedural parallel processing Kershaw & Ohlssan 2004 challenge implicit assumption in W&A: there is a single difficulty that once overcome will lead to insight problem solving alternative: multiple reinforcing constraints if this is the case you need to have pattern based PDP attacking a problem that is mutually reinforcing sequentially, will lead to the system reconstructing itself and resisting. Hence we need to use PDP, and use pattern recognition abilities more. Insight may be procedural in nature because they are multiple reinforcing constraints in them, similar to how we need to solve a procedural problem complex skills are what we need when we have insight problems -> procedural in nature single difficulty stems from theoretical confusion there is often a single key action to solve the insight problem key: salient and necessary to solving the problem ie. 9 box: key = go outside the box the fact that there is a single key action to solve the insight problem does not mean there is a single difficulty there may be multiple mutual difficulty similar to confusion of necessity and sufficiency 3 kinds of factors 1. perceptual factors (pattern factors) figural integrity Gestalt laws relevant and salience patterns cognition and perception is oriented to patterning information Processing Factors (formulation factors) Search space factors mental look ahead Knowledge factors (Transfer factors) poor or inappropriate transferring all 3 factors are all mutually reinforcing ex. 9 dot problem have to pattern the figure (break the figure of the square, alter background and foreground relationship) have to formulate what to do outside the 9 dots, search space is very large in the going outside the 9 dots hint transfer issues -> break with past experiences where connecting dots leads closed figure key is to attack all 3 factors together in a coordinated manner, the harder problems are the problems in which more constraints are imposed mutually from the 3 factors K&O ran experiment involved in procedurally training difficulty on all 3 factors www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit