PSY341H1 Lecture Notes - American Psychological Association, Intellectual Disability, Umbilical Cord

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Published on 29 Jul 2012
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY341H1
Professor
AAMR
Current way of thinking intellectually disasbled
The arc- the other organization for intellectually developmentally disabled- the
association for retarded citizens
AACAP-group of physicians- the child and adolescence psychiatry
We are stuck with dsm 4- which defines MR solely as an intellectual impairment
A person must have both significantly low IQ and considerable problems in adapting to
everyday life
Vast majority of children are diagnosed with mild form- they can learn and partially
lead an independent life
Certain skills are important in adopting behaviour- the are daily living skills such as
getting dressed, washroom, communication skills and social skills with peers, family
members and others
Assess using IQ test- intellectual developmental disability based on 3 criteria
1. Iq
2. Adaptive skills
3. Present before the age of 18
MR is prevalent in about 3% of the pop.
Mental retardation may not be readily apparent
13%- iq less than 50 have serious problems in functioning
78%- moderate
There are 3 steps how MR is diagnosed by American psychological association
1. A qualified person gives one more standardized intelligent test- psychologist
or psychiatrist- standardized adaptation tests- can be administered by
occupational therapist as well- important these are administered on
individual basis
2. To describe the person’s strengths and weekneses across 4 dimension:
Intellectual and adaptive behaviour skills
Psychological and emotional considerations
Physical and/or ethiological considerations
Environmental considerations
3. What level adaptive skills is? It requires a interdisciplinary team
(psychiatrists, nurses, occupational therapists) and this team works to
determine the needed supports across these 4 dimensions. Each support that
is identified as intensity: intermittent, limitant, enxtensive, provasive
Intermittent- support as needed, only in specific situations
Limited- across life time but limited on time for which that support is
required
Extensive- support needed in a life area (home, work) not limited on
time- usually on daily basis
Provasive- significant support level- support on multiple areas
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Document Summary

The arc- the other organization for intellectually developmentally disabled- the association for retarded citizens. Aacap-group of physicians- the child and adolescence psychiatry. We are stuck with dsm 4- which defines mr solely as an intellectual impairment. A person must have both significantly low iq and considerable problems in adapting to everyday life. Vast majority of children are diagnosed with mild form- they can learn and partially lead an independent life. Certain skills are important in adopting behaviour- the are daily living skills such as getting dressed, washroom, communication skills and social skills with peers, family members and others. Assess using iq test- intellectual developmental disability based on 3 criteria. Iq: adaptive skills, present before the age of 18. Mr is prevalent in about 3% of the pop. Mental retardation may not be readily apparent. There are 3 steps how mr is diagnosed by american psychological association.

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