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Lecture 10

Socialization - Lecture 10.odt

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University of Toronto St. George
Matthias Niemeier

Socialization – The Family Evolutionary Origins of the family unit ➔ What are the contexts that influence child in terms of his/her social development? ➔ Family, schools, playing, etc ➔ Family is the most important social contact for development which is family ➔ It is within the family, that child experiences first feelings of affection, love, and commitment. These bonds last through years. They bridge time and space. ➔ Family is also important for social construct. ➔ Child will learn how to influence other people's behaviour ➔ The structure of the human family has its origins from thousands of years ago ➔ Lots of species have group living arrangements, however only humans have actual families. ➔ In animals, young will cling to caregivers till they can care for themselves, and will separate later on in life and travel with a group ➔ 1 idea of where family units come from --> important for survival of the species. What is necessary for society to survive? ➔ 5 different functions which are important for survival of society. ➔ There's the idea of reproduction. ➔ 2 is economic services, we have to have a means of producing goods and services. rd ➔ 3 we need some procedure for reducing conflict and maintaining societal order. ➔ 4rth; training young. ➔ 5 we need some way to harmonize pple's goals and dealing with crisis. ➔ Family units help fulfill each of these 5 functions. ➔ We have schools and religious institutions that take over socialization processes for children. ➔ In pre-industrial time, family unit was main thing for economic support. Economic productivity has been taken over by society. Nowadays we're consumers? ➔ Children use to contribute; they were seen as labour, however now ➔ 3 of the functions are still influenced by family (emotional support, ...............) • Biodirectional effects • • Biderectional influences also affected by other family relationships ➔ Parents (moms and dads) feel more competent as parents when they have a good strong marriage ➔ nature of relationship change as infant grows ➔ Infant plays some role in the structure of family, but as they get older they have more of a role in structuring the nature of the relationships • Forces within the family are dynamic • Relationships within the family are viewed within the larger societal context ➔ Family is influenced by larger societal construct. So the external world can shape a family ➔ Community connections are extremely important for the well-being of the family ➔ More family is integrated into community, the better of the family tends to be (neighbors, daycare, etc) ➔ Community predicts health of the family ➔ Higher rate of psychopathology in urban centres? ➔ Community is a buffer against family stress Why are social ties effective buffers against family stress? ➔ community can provide family with support. There are neighbours and relatives that can help parents diminish doubts so they can be more competent ➔ social ties have a concrete function ➔ can make parents' lives easier ➔ they can tell parents about the best grocery store thus providing opportunities to exchange information, goods and services ➔ provide child-rearing controls and/or models ➔ provide secondary adult influences ➔ How can we understand socialization processes? One way research has looked at the nature of it is to define general characteristics of parent child interactions. They talk about parent child interactions along 3 dimensions. Idea is that the differences in the way parents behave, or where they fall on these dimensions are associated with the forms of child's behaviours. These associations provide clues for successful parenting. Primary dimension is the dimension warmth/. One of the most important dimensions. Parents who are high
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