• Atkinson & Shiffrin’s Store Model
o Famous information processing model a set of storage areas
that are linked together and info comes into system, stored in
areas and then moves from area to area, it is operated on and
then a response is generated.
o There are a number of explicit storage areas. Sensory storage,
short term memory, and long-term memory. This equivalent to
hardware of the computer. It has limitations to speed of
processing. There is a limit to how much information can be
held. Particular input devices to the system.
o Control processes are processes that allow information to move
to various part like software system.
o Short-term memory & long-term memory
o Short term memory is conscious, the info we’re aware of. It is
limited in terms of its capacity and time (how long info sticks
o Once info is in short-term memory ,there are processes to move
it to long-term memory. We have different ways of moving the
info to a more permanent area.
o Long-term memory no limit on how much we can hold but
there may be a problem retrieving it.
o This model shows how our cognitive processes are similar to
that of a computer.
o Argues that software of system will change with age.
The Levels of Processing Approach
Craik & Lockhart
The retention of information is a function of the depth to which the incoming
stimuli has been analysed by the system.
Example: A writt