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Lecture 7

Lecture 7 Part 2.odt

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Matthias Niemeier

• Atkinson & Shiffrin’s Store Model o Famous information processing model  a set of storage areas that are linked together and info comes into system, stored in areas and then moves from area to area, it is operated on and then a response is generated. o There are a number of explicit storage areas. Sensory storage, short term memory, and long-term memory. This equivalent to hardware of the computer. It has limitations to speed of processing. There is a limit to how much information can be held. Particular input devices to the system. o Control processes are processes that allow information to move to various part  like software system. o Short-term memory & long-term memory o Short term memory is conscious, the info we’re aware of. It is limited in terms of its capacity and time (how long info sticks around) o Once info is in short-term memory ,there are processes to move it to long-term memory. We have different ways of moving the info to a more permanent area. o Long-term memory no limit on how much we can hold but there may be a problem retrieving it. o This model shows how our cognitive processes are similar to that of a computer. o Argues that software of system will change with age. The Levels of Processing Approach Craik & Lockhart  The retention of information is a function of the depth to which the incoming stimuli has been analysed by the system.  Example: A writt
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