The History of Psychology (Lecture #2, September 15 2011)th
Science has always been contextualized in a larger set of processes.
e.g. Theological/ religious barriers impeded the progress of physiological sciences
1. The direct study of the human body was forbidden.
2. Doctrines regarding human exemptionalism (impossible to learn about
human functioning through animal studies).
Post Enlightment → The rise of the supposed rational, self-interested human; deep
divide between cognition and emotion; emphasis on the individual as the unit of
Post Biological Revolution and Neuroscience→ The remerging of cognition and
emotion; emphasis on interdependence between the individual group
Human Psychology as Mechanistic Processes
Descartes was described as an extremely intense, unbalanced, driven personality.
He viewed the human body as a machine controlled by hydraulics (fluids) and
mechanics (levers). As well as the fact that human and animal bodies were highly