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PSYB30 - Lec#5.docx

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Connie Boudens

Lecture #5 – WK6 – Feb 13 , 2013 th The Self  The self: comprises what we know about ourselves  No one def’n of what the self is  2 diff. perspectves of the self: William James and Charles Horton Cooley o Self-concept Self-esteem, identity, William James: Two Perspectives on the Self – how we perceive the self  Duality of our perception of self: “me” and “I” o “me” composed of thought and beliefs about ourselves o “I” The self is composed of our thoughts and beliefs about ourselves, or what James called the “known” or “me”  Also known as self concept The self is also the active processor of information, the “knower,” or “I.” In modern terms, we refer to the known aspect is the self concept, and the knower aspect as self-awareness. These two aspects of the self combine to create a coherent sense of identity:  Thinking of the self as a book (full of content collected over time)  The book’s contents is the “me” and the reader “I”  We now think of ourselves as an autonomous unit, but that wasn’t always the case o The Self used to be defined by where you born, what you were born into, the gender roles assigned in that time and culture o The idea of the self didn’t exist at the time, it’s a recent development and area of study Charles Horton Cooley: The Looking Glass Self Self can’t be understood in isolation--must be studied in interaction with others  A sociologist  “You can’t understand the self in isolation, it must be studied in interaction with others” o Who you are –> is composed of the interactions you have with other ppl Self is not an inherent property of human nature, but a socially-constructed entity (by other ppl) o The idea of the self – has “thingness” that is always changing o Self is constructed by society as a whole Sense of self is built upon seeing ourselves through the eyes of others  The Looking Glass Self - self that we think other ppl see How the sense of self develops with normal human development Age Developing Aspect of Self Accomplishment 0-1 Physical self-awareness Recognizing Me vs. Not me 1-2 Self-recognition Mirror recognition 2-3 Self-esteem Internalizing standards for behaviour 3-4 Skillsa nd abilities Demonstrating new talents Social comparison Comparing abilities w/others 5-12 Private Self-concept Keeping secrets Adolescence Identity Abstract thought Reflected appraisals Adulthood The Self Objective self-awareness Internalizing societal expectations-- Self-Concept • All the beliefs people have about the self • Your thoughts and ideas, the things about yourself that you believe to be true • Organizes and provides coherence for how we experience the self • Provides sense of continuity – in MPD, lose time/black-out you don’t have a sense of continuity Development of Self-Concept • Child’s self-concept is concrete, with observable characteristics – age, where they live, hobbies, things they like to eat, etc. • Becomes more complex with age. • more emphasis on psychological states (our thoughts and feelings), opinions of others • less emphasis on physical things, gender, and etc. • in adolescence – more emphasis on the opinions of other ppl Birth – 1yr • develop physical awareness 2-3 YRS • recognize self in mirror and pictures • Use language to demonstrate self-awareness 3-4 YRS • develop skills and abilities • Use personality traits in desc of self and others 5-6 YRS • Make comparison with peers (special skills and abilities, what makes me different from that person • Private sense of self develops  Know that they can keep secrets, develop friendships with ppl that share a certain feeling of intimacy (share hopes and fears) 9-10 yrs • Recognise and understand traits as enduring intrapersonal qualities • More concrete self-concept • Has more continuity Adolescence • Feel sensitivity to self and others • Use reflective appraisals • Question identity • Hold internalized view of generalized other – internalization of society’s expectations (of what the individual thinks that society’s expectations are) • More abstract motivations and personality characteristics • Understanding yourself in the terms that other ppl think about you - • Extreme self-conscientiousness • What motivates me, what my need are, what they’re passionate about Adulthood • In general, good self-concept and stable self-esteem • Experience identity influences from personal characteristics and culture Means Through Which the Self-Concept Develops Others’Images of You – The Looking Glass Self, reflected appraisals, and what others tell you about yourself Social Comparisons a. Superior/Inferior: downward or upward, ppl who you think are less than
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