Class Notes (811,225)
Canada (494,571)
Psychology (3,457)
PSY100H1 (1,606)

Psychology Lecture 1.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Ashley Waggoner Denton

Psychology Lecture 1 To do this week! Complete the online questionnaire this week [email protected] What to Study? Practice questions for Psych test #1 Lecture material, textbook, and overlap History of Psychology Wilhelm Wundt is given the honour of formally founding experimental psychology. There is a tiny delay in the perception of the thought meter (can’t listen and look at the pendulum where it struck the bell at the same time) Edward Titchener was a student of Wundt’s who also believed psychologists should study consciousness by describing it. Darwin’s Theory of Psychology- led into the development of functionalism and behaviourism Functionalists- wanted to understand the function of the mind, both mental processes and behaviour are worth to study. Scientific Method Science depends on HOW one studies a subject, not on the subject itself. 1. Determinism: The universe is orderly- all events have meaningful, systematic causes Theories: statements about the casual relation between two or more variables. 2. Empiricism : The best way of figuring out these orderly principles is by collecting data or making observations 3. Parsimony : When facing two competing theories… 4. Testability : scientific theories should be testable (confirmable or falsifiable) using currently available research techniques -Falsifiability - Operational definitions Hypothesize Operationalize Measure Evaluate Replicate/revise/report Research designs and data collection techniques in psychology Naturalistic Observation: Passive observation. Observers do not change or alter ongoing behaviour. Participant Observation Correlational studies tell us about relationships between variables Why correlational studies do NOT tell us whether one variable causes change in another variable? -Directionality problem (is variable A causing change in variable B, or is variable B causing change in variable A) -Third-variable problem (is variable C, unknown variable in the study, causing changes in both variables A and B?) Therefore, we can’t make causal claim in correlational study. -Sometimes researchers have no choice but to rely on correlational studies (e.g. when it is unethical, or impossible to manipulate variables in an experiment) Experiments -Independent variable: variable being manip
More Less

Related notes for PSY100H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.