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Lecture 6

PSYC12 lecture 6.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Michael Inzlicht

PSYC12 Part 2 of Course Lecture 6: Experiencing Prejudice Change of perspective - Mathew Sheppard went to a gay bar, met two men, kidnapped, tied to a fence and died a few days later. - Until now we would not discuss the perceiver’s point of view. - How do stereotypes emerge? - How are stereotypes maintained? - Who is most likely to be prejudiced? - How has prejudice changed over time? - All the point of the view of the perceiver. What are the effects of prejudice? - How do people cope with it? - “The lion’s story will never be told as long as the hunter is telling the story” - What the effects of prejudice are on various kinds of people. Stigma: - Possession of a trait/characteristic that is devalued by society - Stigmatized have a “spoiled identity” - Are discriminated against. - Types of Stigma (Goffman, 1963) - Abominations of body: Things that make you look different, (extremely overweight, deformity, excessive sweating) - Blemishes of character: (Dementia, mental illness, anorexia or bulimia, and can include any kind of personality traits.) - Tribal Markers: Gender, age, clothing, religion, race. (Separation among people, on tribe or another) Males: The new targets? - Are men being discriminated more frequently? A Model of Stigma Reactions - Major and O’Brien, 2005. - Three sings that cause people to make an identify threat appraisal. (I’m being discriminated against) - A: Collective Representations: Culture, meta-stereotype (Stereotypes that people have about other people’s stereotypes), Where are you? Black in Africa is different then in Canada. - B: Situational Cues: Cues communicating stigma relevance, from the environment. - C: Personal: Individual differences in perception and appraisal. (Personality, self esteem, how do they identify?) - D: Threat appraisal: Is Stigma relevant? Am I threatened? - E: Involuntary responses: Anxiety disruption, vigilance. - F: Voluntary Responses: Coping with threat, blaming discrimination, limit social comparisons, dis-identification. - Outcomes: Self-esteem, performance, health. - Class Example: How do Muslims cope at the airport? - Devout Muslims man being cautious, avoiding eye contact at the airport. - A, B, C: Racisms towards Muslims specifically at airports in North America. Visibly Muslim, Islam-phobic society. - D: Makes identity threat appraisal. - E, F: Becoming stressed, avoiding eye contact. - G: Scared, nervous, stressed, possible poor health outcomes. - Am I being judged on the group I am identified with? Video: Blue-eyed people better then brown-eyed people. Blue-eyed children felt better than brown-eyed children while brown-eyed children felt deflated. Children are able to subjectively feel racism. Children became nasty, discriminatory. Superior children became even more different then inferior children. Stigma’s Self-Protective Properties Stigma & Self-Esteem - Stigmatized are disadvantaged economically
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