Chapter 9: Regulation and Motivation; Self-Determination Theory
We want to know what drives people, and how people differ in motivator.
Psychodynamic theories are essentially motivational
Humanistic Tradition in Psych
Reactions to reductionism of behaviour and pessimism of psychodynamics
The person is seen as a system; how it works together in order to make decisions.
Fundamental Psychological Needs
Competence: Feeling you can reliably produce desired outcomes and or avoid negative ones.
You need to understand the relationship between behaviour and its consequences.
o Ex) if they quit smoking, they need assurance that they’re going to have better health.
o They need to be able to attain this goal. Ex) Nicotine patches
Autonomy: Feeling that one is acting in accord with sense of self and causal agent with respect
to actions. You have to ability to affect certain outcomes.
o Sense of choosing, not feeling compelled or controlled.
o Central issue is the experience of freedom from pressure, regardless of who is imposing
Intrinsic Identified Introjected External Amotivation
Motivation Regulation Regulation Regulation
Do activities for It is one way Do something to Do something for You don’t believe
the internal which you’ve feel good about the recognition you can do the
pleasure you chosen to yourself in activity
receive when become stronger general
doing the activity. and develop
Playing soccer Lifting weights Exercise to look Dress nicely so I feel like I can’t
because you feel because it better, be