Socialization – The Family
Evolutionary Origins of the family unit
What are the contexts that influence child in terms of his/her social development?
Family, schools, playing, etc
Family is the most important social contact for development which is family
It is within the family, that child experiences first feelings of affection, love, and commitment.
These bonds last through years. They bridge time and space.
Family is also important for social construct.
Child will learn how to influence other people's behaviour
The structure of the human family has its origins from thousands of years ago
Lots of species have group living arrangements, however only humans have actual families.
In animals, young will cling to caregivers till they can care for themselves, and will separate later
on in life and travel with a group
1 idea of where family units come from --> important for survival of the species. What is
necessary for society to survive?
5 different functions which are important for survival of society.
There's the idea of reproduction.
2 irdeconomic services, we have to have a means of producing goods and services.
3 we need some procedure for reducing conflict and maintaining societal order.
4rth; training young.
5 we need some way to harmonize pple's goals and dealing with crisis.
Family units help fulfill each of these 5 functions.
We have schools and religious institutions that take over socialization processes for children.
In pre-industrial time, family unit was main thing for economic support. Economic productivity
has been taken over by society. Nowadays we're consumers?
Children use to contribute; they were seen as labour, however now
3 of the functions are still influenced by family (emotional support, ...............)
Biderectional influences also affected by other family relationships
Parents (moms and dads) feel more competent as parents when they have a good strong
nature of relationship change as infant grows
Infant plays some role in the structure of family, but as they get older they have more of a
role in structuring the nature of the relationships
Forces within the family are dynamic Relationships within the family are viewed within the larger societal context
Family is influenced by larger societal construct. So the external world can shape a family
Community connections are extremely important for the well-being of the family
More family is integrated into community, the better of the family tends to be (neighbors,
Community predicts health of the family
Higher rate of psychopathology in urban centres?
Community is a buffer against family stress
Why are social ties effective buffers against family stress?
community can provide family with support. There are neighbours and relatives that can
help parents diminish doubts so they can be more competent
social ties have a concrete function
can make parents' lives easier
they can tell parents about the best grocery store thus providing opportunities to
exchange information, goods and services
provide child-rearing controls and/or models
provide secondary adult influences
How can we understand socialization processes? One way research has looked at the nature of
it is to define general characteristics of parent child interactions. They talk about parent child
interactions along 3 dimensions. Idea is that the differences in the way parents behave, or
where they fall on these dimensions are associated with the forms of child's behaviours. These
associations provide clues for successful parenting. Primary dimension is the dimension
warmth/. One of the most important dimensions. Parents who are high on this are thos who are