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Lecture

Chapter 10 - Emotion Lecture notes

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Dan Dolderman
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 10 EmotionsOctober26101110 AMYou made your children what they are these children that come at you with knives they are your children You taught them Ididnt teach them Charles MansonEmotionsCognition are interwoven Humans rational self interested calculators of utility This view has been shattered by the past few decades of social science and biological researchChapter 9 We know this but we often pretend it is not the case and believe that people are rational To get people to agree we have to convince them through rational argument of our perspectiveAudio recording started 1116 AM October2610In reality the debate is usually won emotionally not rationally UNCONSCIOUSLY not consciously Eg Framing effectsWhy should you take the stairs instead of the elevator energy and climate vs caloriesThis works because it shifts the emotional tone which then shift thinking patterns to be consistent with that toneEg Paying more for airplane ticketscarbon offset generating reasons why its a good idea65 of Republicans in favourcarbon tax generating reasons why its a bad idea27 of Republicans in favourTaxshifting emotions negative Eg Why are we fighting a war on terrorBecause were really in warThe cognitive emotional consequences of the word war are to activate fear obedience patriotism the desire for protectionand strong leadership the feeling of moral justificationsuperiority Because of our thoughts are built on past associative networks adult complex cognition is a process of creating variants on early metaphors Eg FamilyWhats your model of the familyA patriarchal strong daddy model based on discipline obedience a persons worth being based on merit self reliance the belief that individuals are self interested units primarily interested in themselves an ethic of justice and belief in logic as the basis of rational decision makingConnects directly to support for more conservative policies strong military and police few social programs privatized resources aggressive foreign policy stances tax relief rhetoric coupled with corporate empowermentA nurturant egalitarian model based on communication respect and trust love boundaries for behaviour based on empathy for others the belief that people are intrinsically social emotional creatures an ethic of care and belief in interdependence as the basis of rationalityConnects directly to support for more progressive policies focus on collaboration and power sharing community and individual empowerment strong social safety net publicly owned resources dove foreign policy stances and investment in root cause solutions such as poverty alleviation health care and food security taxes are not rhetorically described as bad but rather seen as a basic good corporate regulation soas to keep resources in the hands of the people rather than corporate interestsThe consequencesA cognitive science analysis reveals that much of todayspolitics are not really about the surface details of issues being discussed but that the discussions themselves are merely variations on underlying metaphoric themes themes that are based on our early associative networks and that are interwoven deeply into our emotional systemsCognitive heuristics can bias us in many waysAvailability heuristicThe tendency to judge the probability of an event by how easy it is to think of examples or instancesEg Following 911 most people drove overestimating their odds of dying in a plane crash even though there are risks drivingcarsAs a result hundreds of extra people died in car creases353 in 3 months following 911Whats scarier smoking or flyingCould you imagine a smoker afraid to flySmoking takes on av 5 years off your life 50 chance of early death due to smokingFlying takes on average about ONE day off your life FAR less than 1 chance of early deathFocusing attention on highly vivid examples Imagine a tsunami killing 300 000 peopleRemember the aid pouring outA silent tsunami or 23 Haitian earthquakes of povertyrelated malaria kills that many children every couple of monthsNo aid a lot of aid when attention is caught Imagine a 747 crashing killing everyone on boardWe emotionally respondMislead by availabilityWe often use the availability heuristic to our own detriment without being aware of itEg Mood congruent processing eg Interpretation attributions memoriespositive vs negative information being differentially accessibleEg Depression remembering bad things increased accessibility for those memories feeling that wow you really are a big loser because look at how easy it is to come up with all sorts of examplesThe availability heuristic can explain many other phenomenaeg egocentric biases how much housework do you do Ask them individually and when adding the percentage its over 100 New Section 2 Page 1 Focusing attention on highly vivid examples Imagine a tsunami killing 300 000 peopleRemember the aid pouring outA silent tsunami or 23 Haitian earthquakes of povertyrelated malaria kills that many children every couple of monthsNo aid a lot of aid when attention is caught Imagine a 747 crashing killing everyone on boardWe emotionally respondMislead by availabilityWe often use the availability heuristic to our own detriment without being aware of itEg Mood congruent processing eg Interpretation attributions memoriespositive vs negative information being differentially accessibleEg Depression remembering bad things increased accessibility for those memories feeling that wow you really are a big loser because look at how easy it is to come up with all sorts of examplesThe availability heuristic can explain many other phenomenaeg egocentric biases how much housework do you do Ask them individually and when adding the percentage its over 100 New Section 2 Page 2
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