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Lecture 6

PSYB10 – Lecture 6 notes.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Elizabeth Page- Gould

PSYB10 – Lecture 6 notes Group Processes -How ppl around us actually affect us -different types of groups: social, and nonsocial. -group members should have the ability to interact w/ each other -interdependence: need to in some ways have some kind of shared goals, shared space, in a way in which you need each other to depend on one another. Nonsocial group -> social group; ex. standing in line for a book, not talking to anyone, but suddenly someone does smthg (social object involved), and then the group interacts. -groups have social norms to guide behaviour -groups have well-define social roles -vary in level of group cohesiveness -Social norm: prescription for your behaviour (naked guy) -Social roles: a group’s expectations for the behaviour and responsibilities of various subgroups of its members. -constitute a strong situation that could bowl over an ind’s personality (prison/guard exper) -Group cohesiveness: the degree to which a group IS or IS PERCIEVED TO BE close knit and similar to one another (ex. sorority/frat members) -what does cohesiveness do > promotes liking and ingroup favouritism -outsiders: ^ stereotyping to the group. Stanford Prison Experiment Film -only lasted 6 days when it should have been 2 weeks bc it intensified so quickly. -1971 > behavioural and psychological consequences -healthy normal males and randomly assigned prison or guard -at first, the prisoners d/n take it so seriously and the guards too. -prisoners started to taunt the guards which pissed them off so they stripped the prisoners and took away their beds. -privileged prisoners refused food and stuff to keep faithful to the other prisoners -8612 of the prisoners got pissed and started playing the role of a crazy person which started to take a real affect. Not even 36hours into the experiment, he was released. -visitors came, food eaten, dessert, no complaints by anyone. -8612 said he was gonna come with friends and release other prisoners but he didn’t come. -harassment of prisoners. Several hours of pushups, clean toilets, polish guards shoes, etc - 819 put in hole and priest comes to talk to prisoners. Half the prisoners called themselves by their number, not name. -819 met w/ the priest, confused, frightened, and emotional. -other prisoners called out that he was a bad prisoner and he was crying hysterically in his hole. -he said he couldn’t leave knowing the other prisoners thought he was a bad prisoner but the ppl in charge reminded him what this is all about and convinced him to leave the experiment. -knew comer to replace 819 > 416. Refuses to eat. Known as troublemaker. Told to sing amazing grace. While other prisoners did push ups. -prisoners got so pissed and started to rebel and breaking down emotionally forcing them to release them (4 of them) and others started becoming model prisoners. -there were 3 types of guards > sympathetic, tough but followed rules, and guards that humiliated the prisoners. -so now the prisoners write a letter home. -416 still refused but he was placed in the hole with sausages in their hand and guards threatened to cancel visiting for all prisoners. -shown signs of dis-obedience (416) -the guard gave the prisoners a chance to turn their backs against 416 as his last attempt. -all of the part found smthg about themselves bc of the experiment -very unethical -this study was a catalyst -you always have the right to leave an experiment at any time and destroy evidence of it. -Zimbardo had a duel role. And didn’t know and got caught up into th experiment until Christina said he’s going too far. -powerful demonstrating on how a role can take over someone. -theres systematic ind differences in each role of the exper How do groups affect us? -Social Facilitation/loafing -group decision-making -deindiduavtion -bad groups: cults Social Facilitation/Loafing -effects of groups on ind performance (by yourself/ with other ppl) -interaction of 3 factors -ind evaluation -arousal -task complexity -social facilitation: when in the pres
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