Class Notes (839,246)
Canada (511,223)
Psychology (3,528)
PSY100H1 (1,637)
Lecture

Lec 11.docx

5 Pages
58 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Hywel Morgan

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Description
Lec 11  Current Perspectives Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) • DSMV  Very few changes from DSMIV-TR o Cosmetic and substantive changes o Two Major Changes  Reorganization of disorders • 5 Axes of diagnoses in DSM4, removed in DSM5 (EXCEPTION: A4 ) • Disorders are grouped by similar symptoms  Definition of disorders are much broader o DSM is clinically and empirically derived DSM5 is more dimensional than categorical • Dimensional  Different severities • Similar symptoms in same categories, with varying degree of severity • Major Changes: o 1. DSM4 containedAsperger’s Syndrome (mild form of Autism) has been removed from DSM5.  DSM5 includes Asperger’s, Retts, etc. as Autism Spectrum Disorder.  Broader definition=includes more people, over-diagnosis  RATIONALE: Diagnose people sooner to get help sooner  Negative: Misdiagnosis o 2. DSM4 had different subtypes of schizophrenia (ex. Paranoid, undifferentiated), DSM5 eliminates the subtypes  RATIONALE: most people being diagnosed as undifferentiated- showed symptoms of all subtypes.  Some schizophrenia types had more positive symptoms than negative o 3. Diagnosis of Depression  Has separate section on both DSM4 & 5.  Depression defined as sad affect, no enjoyment, over a long period of time – usually due to an environmental condition.  DSM4 excluded Bereavement (death of a loved one). • DSM5 includes bereavement as abnormal. o 4. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), categorized as anxiety disorder in DSM4, separate section in DSM5.  DSM4  Have an anxious arousal in response to a past traumatic event.  On DSM4  requirement that traumatic event induced extreme fear or anxiety.  Requirement is eliminated in DSM5. DSM5 concludes that PTSD does not require anxiety or fear at the time event occurred, could have been onset afterwards. o 5. DSM5 eliminated Gender Identity Disorder o 6. Elimination of disorders of Childhood orAdolescence. Have been placed in different categories based on symptoms. • Development of DSM5 Controversial Criteria • New learning disorders & “Autistic Spectrum Disorder” (ASD) o Autism  Can’t learn, cant socialize o Learning disorders, autism, and mental retardation are the same. o Autism Spectrum Disorder  Inability to absorb information from other people. o Learning disorders andASD are separate from mental retardation (now intellectual disability). • New Category “Addiction and Related Disorder” o Redefine “Addiction” o DSM4 defined addiction as substance abuse. DSM was very specific to drugs. o DSM5 is broader to include things not considered a drug. Ex. Internet, food, gambling.  DSM5 sets out to include these things. Did not include sex. RATIONALE: Sex is a normal part of life, should not stigmatize those who have healthy sex life. • BehaviouralAddictions (Gambling) o Gambling addiction clearly included on DSM5 not DSM4 • New “Suicide Scales” o Measurement of suicidal ideation o Different types of risks for suicide o Stage 1  Depression? o Stage 2  Thought of suicide? o Stage 3  Have a plan? – Should begin to concern and diagnose o Stage 4  Have tried? • “Risk Syndromes” Category o Mood disorders of sad affect as oppose to anxious. Depression and Bipolar disorders. • Childhood bipolar disorder o Significant amount of research indicating Bipolar disorder can develop in childhood o Bi-polar  Episodes of Depression and episodes of Mania (extreme happiness) o Suggestion in past that children could not show bi-polar disorder  Significant evidence against this • Binge Eating o People who eat copious
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit