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Lec #6 Notes.docx

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Michael Inzlicht

Lecture 6: Experiencing Prejudice Types of Stigma, according to Goffman • Abominations of body Ex. hunchback • Blemishes of character Ex. Shy, socially awkward • Tribal markers Ex. Race, gender, skin colour, etc. (that people can visually see and use to identify you as part of a group) • Being aged is sort of an example of all 3 Identity-Threat Model of Stigma, we need to know this!: • Collective Representations: o Culture/where you live, what stereotypes does your society have o Also, meta-stereotypes. Ex. People who stereotype Jews are dumb • Situational Cues: o What is in the immediate environment that cues things about your identity o Ex. Number of people (if there is a huge disparity in how many men vs women, whites vs blacks, etc.) • Personal Characteristics: o Is the person sensitive about their identity, stigma-conscious, worried about it, etc o High vs low self-esteem o Group identification: may lead you to make more threat appraisals, see yourself as a target, and interpret ambiguous cues as stigma-relevant o Stigma Consciousness: being sensitive to the possibility of being evaluated on the basis of stigmatized group membership. Extent when expects to be stereotyped. o Self-esteem is NOT A PERSONAL CHARACTERISTIC, it may be a byproduct at the end tho • These three are the precursor to whether or not someone makes an identity threat appraisal • And once it is made, there are 2 sorts of responses that can occur: o Volitional/voluntary: telling yourself to calm down, cognitive strategies to cope, leaving the situation, fighting, blaming discrimination, limiting social comparisons, disidentifying from a domain/group o Nonvolitional/involuntary: stress, heart rate increases, racing worried thoughts, anxiety, disruption, vigilance • And these responses lead to some kind of outcome o Self-esteem, health (physical + mental), rewards/lack of Stigma’s Self-Protective Properties • The stigmatized are generally disadvantaged economically and interpersonally • And yet, it doesn’t necessarily lead to lower self-esteem which you might expect o Reflected appraisals: what other people feel about me makes me feel the same way about myself. I see myself as others see me. o Self-fulfilling prophecies: acting in a way that confirms what others think of me, leading to increased feelings th
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