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Lecture 9

Lecture 9 Mar 26.rtf

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Alison Luby

PSY100 March 26 2012Lecture 9 Psychological DisordersWhat is a Mental IllnessStatistical infrequency uncommon in the populationIssue What about creative genius worldclass athletic ability or minority views Ex hearing voices thinking you war abducted by UFO might be an indication Personal distress produces emotional painConstantly upset severe depressionIssue What about mania psychopathsthese dont produce emotional pain but may bring issues Or distress from external events like death of a loved oneViolation of social norms We also need to take into account age gender culture situation current social trends when determining what norms are being broken People show strong disapproval when others break cultural norms the disapproval doesnt necessarily indicate a disorderDisabilitydysfunctionmaladaptive behaviour difficulty functioning in everyday life But this is all on a degreegradient we all have elements of these disorders All four of these criteria exist on a continuumCertain conditions are culturebound specific to one or more societies DSMIVTRDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Define and pinpoint peoples psychological problemsResearch ways to offer the best type of treatmentCommunicate with others about the disorderMultiaxial system Axis I clinical disorders Ex depression and anxiety disordersAxis II personality disorders and mental retardationVery difficult to treatEx antisocial personality disorderAxis III Vsupplemental informationgeneral medical conditionEx diabeteshypothyroidismPsychosocial and environmental problemsEx jobhousing problems death of familyGlobal assessment of functioning on a 1100 scaleAnxiety DisordersCharacterized by excessive anxiety in the absence of true dangerMore than 1 in 4 will develop one at some pointTypes1 Phobia intense fear of an objectsituation thats greatly out of proportion to its actual threat more the general fear A Specific phobiaintense fear of objects places or situations that are greatly out of proportion to their actual threat Sometimes the object is paired with something that you associate with that you are afraid of B Social phobia social anxiety disorder marked fear of public appearances in which embarrassment or humiliation is possibleEx public speaking performing eating 2 Generalized anxiety disordercontinual feelings 60 of each day of worry anxiety physical tension and irritability across many areas of life functioningfreefloatingnonspecific anxiety
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