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Psychology Lecture week 1+2

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Christian Campbell

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Psychology Lecture 1 [email protected] @psy100conhall zaps? class id nq4wk83v psychology is the study of the mind, brain…. Psychology Lecture 2 psych 100 participant pool -4%of grade will be participation in experiments - -student login page and register -use utmail+ -fill out student questionnaire -if you miss a study you need to do 5 instead of 4 History of psych Wilhelm wundtd is recognized as the founder of psych introspection- asking people their thoughts on subjects Edward Titchener believed psych should study consciousness unlike wundt he thought we should explain con.. william james- believed in stream of consciousness (mind is personal continuous and constantly changing)and first functionalist-believed mind was adaptive(darwin) Behavourism watson, pavlov, skinner concentrate on peoples behaviour watson- nature vs.nurture … on the nurture side skinner-like watson believed no separate realm of conscious events miller-mental functions are important for understanding behaviour cognitive psych-how people learn and think four cannons of science • determinism-universe is orderly everything has a cause • empiricism-best way of figuring things out is by observation and collecting data • parsimony- when 2 theories the one we should choose is the simplest • testability- in order to be a scientific theory it has to be testable (falsifyability-must be possible to make observation that would show theory to be false) (operational definitions- must be able to state in terms of concrete observable procedures…. figuring out a way to measure something that isn't clearly defined to measure) • construct internal attributes or charac. that cannot be directly observed the scientific method hypothesis operationalize measure evaluate replicate/revise/ report Study Design descriptive -naturalistic observation (passive obs) don't alter behaviour -participant observation (active obs) actively involved in observation correlational- study examines how variables are naturally related in the real world.. tell us relationship between two variables -do not allow us to make causal claims. -third variable problem, directionality problem experimental- manipulating variables of interest while keeping everything else control -independant variable-being manipulated -dependant variable-what were measuring -confound- anything that may vary along with independent . variable -random samples- each member of population your interested in -convenience sample-what researchers have access to -random assignment- each participant has an equal chance of . . being assigned each condition DATA COLLECTING METHODS observational technique- coding of overt behaviour hawthorne effect- do we know that someone is observing us self report method-people asked to provide info about themselves self report bias- socially desirable responding response performance measures-cognitive process in response to stimulus Stroop effect- slower when colour of word doesn't match the word itself crossing levels of analysis cultural, social, individual, biological the nuremburg code 1947 first legal standard for conduct of research ethic principles ethical issues post data collection fabrication- no data was collected… made up pg 15 of textbook falsification- tainted data… influenced results plagiarism Psychology lecture 3 Tuesday, September 18, 2012 Descriptive studies involve observing and classifying behaviour - these studies are often the first step in a line of research or done as part of a larger project Correlational Studies involve examining how variables are related (without manipulating them) -allow researchers to make claims about relationships but not clausal claims Third Variable Problem specific to correlational research arises when researcher cannot manipulate the variable they believe changes in another variable Confounds- arise in the context of experimental studies. Varies between different conditions in a study. “Nuisance variable”. Alternative explanation Good research requires data that is accurate valid and
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