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Psychology notes - emotions (Dolderman)

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University of Toronto St. George
Dan Dolderman

Emotions October-27-11 11:12 AM Emotion is what you are - Emotions involve your well being - they’re emotional processes, but also cognitive and physiological processes as well - What you do with your body and your mind is the emotional experience you will end up having, the emotional life you will end up being - Your life is very strongly determined by your emotions, and you're often out of control of these processes like best times, stupidest mistakes… - Very powerful and influential - A host of issues: unfulfilled,not thriving in life, extrinsically motivated(goal orientated) and inauthentic,defensive - People chasing after money don't necessarily become very happy Embodied cognition - From micro level neuroscience level to the brain, to the body; ties together everything, can't really separate these things in terms of how to understandhow a human functions - Warmth vs. cold is an embodied metaphor, signifying relationship closeness ○ Ex. Memories of social rejection - lower estimates of room temperature The misattributionof arousal - The Capilano bridge study ○ Pretty lady giving phone number to guys on both scary bridge and easy bridge, and the results were that way more guys who were on the scary bridge than the easy bridge called- explanation - the fear they feel on the scary bridge went through a misattributionof arousal, so their arousal from fear caused them to feel emotional and make the phone call Falling in love - Does arousal and cognitive attribution of that arousal play a role in falling in love? ○ Ex. Date with Mr. Hotty… why are you so hot and sweaty and aroused? - You can see how easily one thing leads to another.Start talking to someone, self- disclosure, laughter or intoxication ensues, increasing arousal…. - The process of talking to someone about your intimate things can in turn make the person more attractive Emotion and cognition are interwoven - The classic enlightenmentpicture of humans as rational, self-interestedcalculators of utility has been thoroughlyshattered by the past few decades of social science and biological research - We know this, but we often pretend it is not the case, and believe that people are rational beings - In reality, the debate is won emotionally, not rationally, but rather unconsciously and not consciously… Why are we fighting a war on terror? (George Lakoff; a political mind) - Is it because we really are at war? - The cognitive-emotionalconsequences of the word war are to activate fear, obedience, patriotism, the desire for protection and strong leadership,the feeling of moral justification/superiority moral justification/superiority - Because our thoughtsare built on past associative networks, adult complex cognition is a process of creating variants on early metaphors such as our understandingof family - He contrasts two families ○ A strong-daddymodel - they tend to be interventionists,favour military intervention,privatizing corporations ○ A nurturant,egalitarian model - public ownership, dove foreign policy - The consequences? ○ Much of today's politics are more built upon emotionsand who knows how to push the right emotional buttons(emotional manipulation)rather than rational discussion of the topic, emotion in persuasion is a big factor Fluency effects - Our rational processing of informationis affected by our emotionsat the time - So, anything that makes it more difficult for you to process information will tend to make you less persuaded by the information! Because difficulty ---> negative emotion ---> skepticism - So if you don't get something, you would doubt it which leads to negativity in emotional feelings such as disbelief - So you can be manipulated by extremely simple things - Simple is persuasive, complicated is dislike, disbelief… - Remember labels? "meat" vs. "dead flesh" - Once emotions are in full swing, we are largely at their mercy - once triggered, our emotions color how we see everything else, they even direct our own rational processes - Emotional - simple, concrete, stories Negative emotions --> specific action tendencies - Anger - targets autonomic arousal and blood to your hands - Fear - escape and autonomic arousal and blood to your legs - Narrowing feature - Evolutionarilyadaptive! ○ Has to be fast, reactive, and unconscious and generally short-lived (unless c
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