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Development Lecture 2.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
John Vervaeke

Developmental Psych Lecture 2 1-16-12 - In ancient times, people viewed children as equivalent to animals because they lacked most of which they considered to make a human. - Infanticide as a social policy and how it’s changed since then. - Children are both radically different from us, but also radically the same in terms of psychology - John Locke  children are not that different from us - Freud and Piaget  stages and quantitative change o Children’s behavior makes sense when you look at it from the POV of the stage they are in - Child psychology is more simple to figure out than our psychology - 4 Frameworks of Child Psychology o John Locke- Empiricist Theory  All learning is bottom- up. Environmental theory. All development is learning- we all start out “tabula rasa”. We all have different histories and experiences but we all started out on the same note. Problem with it scientifically is that there is no PURE tabula rasa (Locke knew this- the paradox of learning (Plato) if we have no principles of how learning is organized, then when we are dumped on with information chaotically and disorganized, then we will never learn. Locke knew this but stood by his beliefs that some things are innate- big supporter of nativism)  Just because walking is innate, doesn’t mean you’re born walking. It just means you innately have the capacity to walk. o Nativism  Principles by which information is organized  Association, Behaviorism  Similarity  Locke has the sesame street idea of similarity, similarity isn’t just something that is out there in the world, something you can just point out. If we listed just random similarities, the list would go on forever and ever. Locke says everything comes in from the world, but in this case, we have to look from the Top – Bottom, our ideas have to be cast on the objects being compared and our minds have to impose to decide what’s RELEVANT. Similarity isn’t just there to be dumped onto your mind, it’s to be selected and sought out. Locke doesn’t mesh well with relevance or log
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