Child development is relevant to adults, as is relevant to our self understanding
During the ancient world children were not considered humans/ people, they were props, slaves and
animal; creatures that become people. It was acceptable to kill babies, nothing was wrong with that.
Women included, were not consider human. Which is where the word derives “husbandry”, “taming of
a wild animal”.
Children have no: Inferential ability, Language, Reflective awareness, and Normative awareness when
they are born. However between the ages of 0-4, they experience the most dramatic growth
Christianity became influential where campaigns for purity and innocence took place. Their campaigns
made killing babies a moral horror. During this time orphanages were assembled and orphans were
adopted and taken it.
John Locke (1632-1704)
Theory of Development: Environmentalism (Learn through sensory mechanism and environment)
-Claimed that there was no significant difference between adults and children, except that children lack
-In a sense he advocated democracy, equality and education since people aren’t different
However this was abused in the Industrial Revolution
Children were exploited for child labour, if children are no different than adults they can
Creating ½ assumptions of the actual idea of the “same”
There were two important thinkers in Theory of Development: Freud and Piaget. In the idea that
development and changed happened in stages.
There are two kinds of change quantitative and qualitative.
Quantitative Change: Change in the content of what you know. Basically: Change how much you know.
Qualitative Change: Change in the competence of what you know. Basically: Change in the ability of
what you can learn. Can Learn. Lacking the ability to learn...change in the ability to learn Ivy Quach
Ex. Jason ,7, and Spencer ,4,. Spencer is hurting the dogs, dad says “ You’re hurting the dog”.
Spencer doesn’t process this “ I know I am”. Dad : “How would you like it if I hurt you”, “ No, that would
hurt”, *Dad puts his hand out, you don’t see the connection look???*
Spencer does not have the competence to make the connection between the similarity of
him and the dog getting hurt. Sees it as two different things
How some things make sense to them is different from us.
Piaget & Piaget
Questioned Intelligence; Children were intelligent. They make intelligent decisions for their age.
Intelligence occurs at difference stages of competence. What is bizarre to us and normal for them.
They thought that there was an absolute level of competence, and thought qualitative development
stops are a certain stage.
Cognition is like a computer. Technology doesn’t have development. Computers are an example of
Piaget theory that qualitative development is absolute. Computers can’t improve and change in its
ability to know what’s already programmed. It can only continue to store and memorize more
Developmental Psychology: You need to understand development for cognition
In the textbook development is inherently developmental. It suggest 5 reasons to study developmental
1. Explains and describes changes.
It reveals hidden properties, principles and competencies