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Lecture 1.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Ian Spence

Lecture 1 Chapter 1  CC Sarah Spence and Justin McNeil when e-mailing essay to TA. Slide 2  Psychological forces: internal traits we have. Things that make you the unique person you are. No one else has your environmental upbringing as you.  Sociocultural forces: person’s culture. Different developmental cultures in an eastern versus western person. These include supportiveness of community, media.  Lifecycle forces: indicates that the same experiences occurring at different times mean different things. Example: 16 year old versus 30 year old getting pregnant. Slide 3  Whether our development is inborn (biological in nature-we are born with it) or do we have to work for it (learning-environment influencing us).  Tony represents the nurture aspect, anyone can be him. Slide 4  BLANK STATE:  Child has no beliefs, values, morals, etc.  When the child becomes an adult with beliefs, values, it’s because society has made them into that. They shape people into whatever fits them. Example: becoming a doctor, saint or murder because we have done that to them.  QUANTITATIVE:  They think the same way but children have less knowledge about the world.  Children are little scientists.  LOCKE:  We can’t treat children differently from each other because they are essentially the same. Slide 6  NATIVISM:  You are born with traits as a child but the environment helps you show it.  ROUSSEAU:  Children are not scientists they are artists. They find their own traits.  Children were noble savages trying to make their own ways of the world.  We should give them opportunities not force them to behave/become in one way. Slide 7  Evolution is insufficient in explaining human development.  For this reason we have to reject nativism and imperialism (both nature and nurture). Slide 9  Society is repressing our urges (Freud said sexual urges).  We have internal mental structures.  ID:  Governs our desires. It causes us to get hungry, have sex, get angry, etc. It has a psychic energy called libido and something has to be done to alleviate it. Example: hunger gets built up and something has to be done.  Everything we do involves
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