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PSY220 Lecture 4

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Ashley Waggoner Denton

PSY220 Lecture 4Social categorizationoPerceiving people as members of a social group rather than as individualsGender ethnicity agebig threeoBenefitsAllows us to go beyond the information givenGives us more information than whats just visibly present ie if we see a doctor we dont just see himher as a tall individual wearing a lab coat we see himher as a smart and hard working personMake assumptions rather than asking them everythingAllows us to ignore irrelevant informationIf you go to the doctor you dont really care whether or not heshe wears glasses or is six feet tall you care about whether or not he can diagnose your problem andor write you a prescriptionoNegative effectsExaggerates intragroup similaritiesWe view all members of the group as being very similar rather than being unique individuals and thus focus on their shared characteristicsExaggerates intergroup differencesWe become more aware of the differences between the members of different groups than of the similaritiesGroup identificationoWe see ingroup members asSimilar to ourselvesUnique amongst each otherLikableAnd therefore we treat ingroup members with generosity and compassion because if its good for the ingroup it must be good for yourselfGroup enhancing biasesultimate attribution errorPositive behaviour is global general and reflects who the group member really isNegative behaviour is specific circumstantial an isolated incidentoExternal attribution to behavioursomething caused itThe exact opposite is true for a person looking at an outgroup memberoWe see outgroup members asDifferent from ourselves Similar to each otheroutgroup homogeneity effect WhyWe tend to know fewer outgroup members but the effect may disappear if we know a lot of outgroup membersWe usually encounter members of the outgroup under very constrained circumstancesoEx Leafs vs Senators we all see Senators fans acting the same wayemphasizes their similarities and doesnt allow us to see them as unique individualsWe tend to treat outgroup members more negatively even if the groups are completely arbitraryno history stereotypes or defining characteristicsMinimal group paradigmwhat are the minimal conditions necessary for discrimination to occuroIngroup favouritism occurs right away with any type of categorization Groups A and BEx You are arbitrarily places in a group and are given two options give both groups 20 points or give your group five points and the other group no points
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