Class Notes (810,031)
Canada (493,925)
Psychology (3,457)
PSY230H1 (115)
Lecture 8

Lecture 8 - The Cognitive Approach

6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Maja Djikic

PSY230H1F Lecture 8; Nov. 02, 2011 World in which we live is one of continually Cognitive Approach changing interpretations or points of view Swing to what matters IS the thinking rather than a world of frozen meanings George A. Kelly (1905-1967) Anything that we look at in the world Unlikely candidate to have such an impact can be interpreted differently based on our interpretations and constructs of theoretically the world Born in Kansas in 1905 An only child; his mother doted on him What is a person? No Oedipus complex Human being is not passive & inert Father a Presbyterian minister and farmer who All bhvr is anticipatory in nature. was forced to give up his ministry for reasons of Do things since expect certain outcome Gained theory about how things are health, but did occasionally follow his calling Bhvr is persons way of posing questions over the years Parents devoutly religious, and always working about life. to help the needy every man is, in his own particular way, Attended one-room elementary school a scientist. Attended high school in Wichita, Kansas, living Meant for this theory to be real away from home much of the time after he was Test hypotheses, challenge and reconstruct interpretation if wrong 13 B.A. in physics and mathematics Bothered by distinction btwn how Nothing to do w psychology psychologists view their bhvr & their Developed interest in psychology, and entered subjects bhvr. into graduate school at the University of Iowa in Philosophical split 1930. Skinner did not suffer from this, had a theory of him and others (not just Worked in physiological psychology, but decided to drop it for more humanitarian work others) to see how it relates to the community Construing Worked hard on the development of Person looks at life, notes series of psychological services for the state of Kansas recurring events which seem repetitive, He was a major force in establishing then places interpretation upon this traveling psychological clinics predictable aspect of his or her experience. Involves abstracting from events & Major force in life was onset of World War II Entered the Navy as aviation psychologist interpreting subsequent events thru these War brought considerable demand for training abstractions of clinical psychologists Ex. Abstraction of ppl being unhappy PTSD: dif values & concerns, hard to when you are late induces neg readjust to regular ppls concerns experiences on behalf of someone ekse So this theory is rly an abstraction Many clinical psych programs opened up So professions started after war Construct is lens thru you look at world 1946: Became prominent as a professor & Most of us have multiple lenses, multiplicity director of clinical psychology at Ohio State of theories University over the next twenty years built Not essential that a construct be named into one of best clinical programs in world Can be a visual gesture We are all prone to it Died in 1967, relatively young Children begin formulating constructs even Structural constructs before they can speak Based approach to psych on a single Ex. Dont have word for Mother but can philosophical assumption construct it, calm down at sight of this We assume that all of our present person, make predictable anticipations Why did Kelly call his constructs personal interpretations of the universe are subject to revision or replacement They kind of are personal No such thing as a fact, only Private, unique, even peculiar interpretations We dont know what an indivs language Constructive alternativism means until we have an understanding of Construct an interpretation, can choose their constructs alternate interpretations of world based Ex. love, problem of construct coming on what we see from misunderstanding each others meaning of love Kelly referred to the two ends of construct Fundamental postulate as poles of the construct (similarity pole & A persons processes are psychologically contrast pole) channelized [this term was coined by Kelly; it Construct always says how things are simply means directed or determined] by the alike (similar) & also different (contrast) ways in which he anticipates events from 3 thing (hypotheses about the world) Corollaries: Limitations of anticipation 11 corollaries 4. Choice corollary A person chooses for himself that alternative in a Corollaries: The person as a process dichotomized construct through which he 1. Construction corollary: anticipates the greater possibility for extension A person anticipates events by construing their and definition of his system replications. Pick an interpretation that suits of better Abstracting what has happened to you over Ex. Have fight; interpret event to support and over again you construction system (that you are nice Ex. When someone opens a door for me, and the other person is mean) they tend to say thank you; so peeved when 4. Range corollary someone doesnt say thank you A construct is convenient for the anticipation of a 1. Individuality corollary finite range of events only Persons differ from each other in their Implies that any construct is limited to a construction of events. finite range of events. Limiting factor is Ex. Dif meanings of love, dif emotional relevance. Outside this range it is not states contrasting, its irrelevant. Corollaries :Hierarchy of experience Ex. Weather; words/constructs that wouldnt 3. Organization corollary apply: hard, soft, tall, short Each person characteristically evolves, for his 7. Experience corollary convenience in anticipating events, a A person as construction system varies as he construction system embracing ordinal successively construes the replication of events relationships between constructs A person is not an passive onlooker but Not all constructs are framed at same l
More Less

Related notes for PSY230H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.