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Lecture 10

Lecture 10 - Extentialism

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Maja Djikic

PSY230H1F L10; Nov. 16, 2011 things to suit themselves in violation of 1 in 2 ppl will qualify for a mental illness at some whats known in immediate experience pt in their life can deceive ourselves too Mental illness = inability to participate in life Sartre satisfied Psychology alienated from its subject matter Addiction = anything that makes pain feel better because, rather than capturing phenomenal Dont want to be in pain distract w media, drugs reality in its theories, has turned human Being in love w suffering feel more entitled to things, want empathy; ex. wanting to be sick for beings into machines attention Want ppl to fulfill expectations in psych studies According to existentialism suffer because dont Grp pressures (like national identities) do what we need to do, in love w suffering, lazy interfere w our identities on own Associate +ve contact w suffering Inevitable to have at least a little pleasure w suffering, difference is if its important fornticity others to see it Kierkegaard Become inauthentic by letting grp or culture Existentialism define who we are (self-alienation) Philosophy Nietzsche Renaissance: have meaning once born depending on class, family, culture Will to power as persons fundamental After enlightenment: more freedom capacity to be self-creative & therefore Thought problems could be solved thru authentic (real, genuine, etc.) reasoning As long as base lives on what we are, think, Kierkegaard (1813-1855) feel, desire cant be self-alienated or Criticized heavily intellectualized philosophy of estranged Hegel Guilt = feeling when dont assume Believed human existence not accurately responsibility for our actions but let others represented if leave out emotional side define who we are Ex. blame middlemen Movement advanced w Nietzsche (1844-1900) Jaspers Jaspers (1883-1969) Opposition btwn authentic & inauthentic Heidegger (1889-1976) living Sartre (1905-1980) Dasein (being-there) vs. being oneself Existing at organic material vs really Alienation being there as self Hegel argued things humans create can have a Only indiv effort can bring about being life of their own. oneself Humans alienated from own creations Heidegger ~ Maslow, Rogers Authenticity = fulfilling ones possibilities Very common, very old idea Ppl w no feedback from job = most Our possibilities not unlimited, like decision depressed middlemen, dont produce tree dif choices open to dif opportunities, anything; need connection w job to feel have access the best choice; if dont choose satisfaction, ex. middlemen for doctors best choice feel pang of suffering w/o borders Authentic person synthesizes imposed & Priests, psychs, firefighters = happy, see self-willed to reach pattern of existence results uniquely theirs Kierkegaard Indivs alienated from their faith Subject vs. object being organic matter vs. Going to church automatically, dont person keep values outside Kierkegaard Nietzsche A person who lives inauthentically (lets Philosophers/Indivs alienated from their others define their identity) begins to think reasoning capacities of that identity as an object & not as a Teacher could live at odds w their subject teachings, discrediting objectively When compare self to others, ex. giving think right marks Heidegger Can use to make self feel better than Words can be alienated from meanings they others are supposed to convey so people can twist Ex. if intelligence important to you, compare ppl based on intelligence Anxiety, Dread, Despair (form of depression) treat self & others as objects Existentialists use words like anxiety, dread, Giving up objectifying lose awareness of despair to describe inauthentic living your unique potentiality Nietzche Objects = passive, factually described, Anxiety = result of negating or refusing will manipulated, put in their place to power Subjective in human experience = creative Kierkegaard side of life, desire to create in our life that Anxiety = sickness unto death, resulting which is a mere possibility from self-alienation (inauthenticity) Jaspers Heidegger Error in letting science define who we are Anxiety reflects nothingness, manifesting Science levels everything into a common itself as many things, including boredom form of description & analysis, confounding What is good about there being anxiety, dread, being-there & being-oneself despair? We should transcend mere objectivity & Signalling mechanism to show when not think of ourselves subjectively yourself & not fulfilling potential Heidegger motivational Using drugs distract from acting on Inauthentic form of existence: Results when consider each other to be these feelings objects rather than subjects Capacity to focus us in present on what we = nothingness. really want To objectivist, person = anyone, Give hope everyman, plastic person Existentialism as applied to psychology Used to push ppl to move past problems Commitment, Action Often thinking about death focuses ppl Takes active effort to become subjective person Kierkegaard Existential Analysis: Ludwig Binswanger & To be human is not a fact, but a task. Medard Boss Both: Nietzsche Must leap into life w passion & sense of Swiss, M.D.s commitment to what were bringing about Heideggerian in philosophical outlook Reason & emotion are not antithetical, has Initially trained in classical psychoanalysis its uses Involved with existential analysis When we are alive we will feel alive Suffering feel alive Structural Constructs Reason to use drugs, media dont feel Mind-body problem alive Binswanger noted that Jaspers The person is & remains a unit Wise person doesnt automatically reject all Body & mind are two sides of same thing - that has gone before, but subjectively being establishes correct principles to live by Ontologically speaking mind-body problem Heidegger doesnt exist at all Some ppl run away from need to make If existence viewed only in terms of material decisions by feeling into mass movement & existence, persons turned from subjects to other popular fads objects Grp responsibility feel better From phenomenological perspective, we are our Sartre experiences Self-deception of fleeing from choice is Dont have ideas about things we are our bad faith not fulfilling possibilities ideas opened to us in life Binswanger Ex. listening to parents when tell you to What we perceive as first & foremost not become doctor impressions of taste, tone, smell or touch, There is no escape from the predicament of not even things or objects, but rather, having to be meanings. Feeling sadness during mourning,
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