Class Notes (807,384)
Canada (492,740)
Psychology (3,452)
PSY240H1 (233)

Lecture 1

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Hywel Morgan

PSY 240 – January 11 , 2013  consent is the most important thing (ethical concerns)  most important thing for a clinician – should not have sex with your client  three environments in which psychologists practice their profession: research, practice, teaching  only wear one hat at the same time – it is unethical to participate in more than one aspect of the profession at the same time (i.e. if a prof asks you to participate in their research study, you would feel obliged)  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) version 4 – used to diagnose patients in North America only  current diagnostic system DSM – IV – TR (TR= text revision) – published by American Psychiatric Association  the rest of the world uses ICD – 10 published by World Health Organization  certain categories in DSM not available in ICD, these disorders are thought to be found only in North America  DSM-5 is created to be compatible with ICD-10  psychiatrist: medical doctor, can prescribe drugs, not required to do research  psychologist: can’t prescribe drugs, research based  high comorbidity with anxiety and mood disorders (they happen at the same time)  behaviour are things that you do (i.e. studying, aggression, movement, happy)  DSM recognizes personality disorders as relatively intractable (can be treated, but very difficult) What is Abnormal Behaviour?  usually easy to recognize abnormal behaviour but it is difficult to define  definition of abnormal behaviour – using statistical criteria (what we would like to do) to define abnormal behaviour  in order to do so, must look at what deviates from the mean (or norm)  IQ – intelligence quotient (q=intellectual age/chronological age) – between 16 and 65 chronological age usually remains the same  people who don’t score as highly as their peers (numerator is lower than denominator)  within the parameters at the extreme (standard deviation) is approximately two thirds of the population  if you deviate from the norm, you are labeled abnormal  one standard deviation below 100 (norm of IQ) is 70, you would be labeled by mental retardation  adapt – how successful you are in your environment, learning to change your behaviour to fit into your environment  significantly above average IQ is 130, you have the mental illness known as gifted (shows there is a problem with statistical criteria to define abnormal because labeling this as abnormal but is not classified as pathology)  we have favourable behaviours that are normal such as gifted and we have unfavourable behaviours that are abnormal that everyone does such as getting drunk  schizophrenia – almost all societies believe that symptoms of schizophrenia are abnormal (delusions and hallucinations)  delusion: thinking something that is not true, beliefs other people would not have – considered a psychosis  hallucinations: f
More Less

Related notes for PSY240H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.