Lecture 1 – Jan 11 2013
DSMIV (Diagnostic Statistic Manual 4)
Mood disorders are closely related to anxiety disorders
Co-morbid: Happen at the same time, pathologies that occur together
Psycho-physiological disorder: commonly called multiple personality disorder, it doesn’t exist anymore
Mind Altering Drugs: Alter the ways you think and behave
Behaviour: Things that you DO, For Example: Aggression, studying, not studying, movement, smiling,
happy, memory, memory is abehaviour to memorize.
Your mind can be altered. Surprisingly substances can alter your mind.
Personality Disorder: Long standing, inflexible, maladaptive, personality traits that impair social and
occupational functional. are recognized by DSM4 as fairly permanent conditions, most come and go.
Schitzophrenia: A group of psychotic disorders,characterized by major disturbances and thought,
emotion and behaviour....
Anti-social disorder: person may be classified as psychopath.
Psychosis: Detachment from reality, present but in own type of world. Thought and emotions are so
impaired that contact is lost with external reality. “Own little world”
Emotion: Is overtly observable
Examination of the definition of Norma using:
1. Statistical Criteria , to define what “abnormal” behaviour is. What deviates from the main
For Example: Behaviour Test (Intelligence Quotient (IQ))
IQ = Actual Age/Chronological Age
When IQ=100, this indicates that there is similiarity in between actual and chronological age, as
there is a match (Normal). In Statistics parameters, we’re talking about standard deviation from
the mean (norm). Approximately 2/3 of the population fall within 1-2 S.D. If you fall in the 1/3
parameter which is above or below the normal range, you are ABNORMAL.