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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 Notes

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University of Toronto St. George

1 PSY240 Lecture Notes Lecture 3 January 25, 2011 Treatment of Abnormality and Research Methods Biological Approaches should be combined with some form of psychological approach Drug therapies antipsychotic: chlorpromazine people were able to get released back into the community and function despite having some psychotic symptoms. Antidepressants Tricyclic a lot of dietary restrictions, SSRIs. Medications have different mechanisms of action some increase serotonin, some block receptors so serotonin cant bind to receptors all try to increase serotonin. Antianxiety, mood stabilizer lithium, people with bipolar take to even out mood o Drug therapies are convenient, inexpensive in comparison with therapy Electroconvulsive therapy passing electrical current through the head, which triggers seizers some biochemical changes follow. This tends to have some positive impact on mood but unknown reasons why. Intensity, duration, etc., have changed over the last few years. Some possible side effects include headaches, memory distortion, etc., Psychosurgery actual change made to the brain by removing a part of the brain or adding a connection. Repetitive Transcranial Stimulation use powerful magnets that stimulate targeted parts in the brain that results in long term changes in the neurotransmission of synapses used to be used with depression, now learning about its effects on OCD. What is Psychotherapy? Any psychological approach to a treatment Different modalities individual goes in by themselves to a therapist or psychiatrist, group, family, couple o Advantages of individual vs. group: individual has more one on one time, targeted specifically for you, Group therapy connecting with people who are similar to yourself, individual more expensive Different Models: psychodynamic, interpersonal, behavioural, cognitive, humanist, existential Regardless of therapy, the therapeutic relationship is key. Even the best treatment protocol can fail if the therapist is not very friendly. Some good qualities in a therapeutic relationship include:
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