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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 - Anxiety Disorders

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University of Toronto St. George

PSY 240 Lecture 5: Anxiety Disorders Symptoms of Anxiety Anxiety is on a spectrum, not necessarily pathological, some moderate anxiety is important (ex. Motivation to study and keep working on personal development) In pathology focus on interference of anxiety in daily life and functioning, amount of interference, and length of interference ~20% of population will have some kind of anxiety disorder during their life, high comorbidity (especially with mood disorders, drugalcohol addictions, eating disorders) Anxious states when normal people have moments with high anxiety due to events Anxious traits cause chronic anxious, affect reactions to event and make prone to anxiety Somatic - body experiences goosebumps, tense muscles, increased heart rate + respiration + perspiration, respiration deepens, spleen contracts, peripheral blood vessels dilate, liver releases carbs, bronchioles widen, pupils dilate, adrenaline secreted, stomach acid inhibited, salivation decreases, bladder relaxes Emotional sense of dread, terror, restlessness, irritability Cognitive thinking processes anticipation of harm, catastrophizing and exaggerating of danger, problems concentrating, hypervigilance, worried + ruminative thinking, fear of losing control, fear of dying, sense of unreality Behavioural escape, avoidance, aggression, freezing unsure of what to do, decreased appetite responding, increased aversive responding (ex. Increased food or alcohol consumption) not everyone has the same kind of symptoms individual factors are more important than situational factors, past coping and experiences are important, two people in the same situation can have similar responses Models of Anxiety Biological o genetic vulnerability tempermental factors might be caused by early attachment with mothers and caregivers more heart palpitations and sweating seen as threats
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