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Lecture 1-Introduction Jan 8th

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University of Toronto St. George
Neil Rector

Lecture 1 (Jan 8 ) abnormal psych N No agreed upon causetheories for psychological disorders N A psychological disorder is when there is a present of psychological dysfunction win the person. This presence is associated with distress and impairment. It is a response that is not culturally expected typical. N Psychological dysfunction changes in cognitive (delusionshallucinations, hearing voices or over developed beliefs (living animal in stomach) depression (sense of indecisiveness), anxiety (preoccupation w fear or threat)emotional (depression: stuck in a sad mood, change in sleeping patterns, social isolation or withdrawal. Anxiety: escape and avoidant behaviors behavioral thinking. N Different degrees of dysfunction can be represented on a continuum. The level of psychological disorder ranges on a continuum. Therefore it is hard to say whether there is a problem. N DSM IV diagnoses: duration: you have to be depressed for at least 14 days continuously. The problem is drawing a cutoff line. This can be criteria is whether is there is distress or impairment, is the psychological dysfunction leading to a upsetdistressing. We look at what has changed in the Z}L:@ZZ Z}Z}ZL[o]ZZZ}]K]KL~Z]2ZoK]]}Z7Z]2ZZL2 IQs, and highly insensitive). Sometimes a major psychological dysfunction can lead to well-being. Distress or impairment relationship sufferingperson experiencing it suffering. This might not be a good criteria bc the distress is not necessarily inside the person, it could be really going around. Some people have very limited impairment even if their psychological dysfunction is great. N Atypicalunexpected response: to environmental stressors. E.g. if a person lost their home in a natural disaster and the market collapse, to be distressed about it, for a millionaire who worries financial ruin will happen is atypical. It is based on the context. the behavior has to be infrequent . the greater deviation the more abnormal we are likely to label it (if on a bell curve) the problem with this criteria is how rare is rare. This criteria is very subjective and are culturally dependent. A psychologically disorder is more likely to be defined as a disorder if it violates a social norm. abnormality can be defined in the norms of a culture or a society this is referred to as culturally relativism. Diagnosing a problem is based on the cultural lens you are looking through. The mental health Professions - Clinical psychologist: 4 yrs undergrad degree. Masters 2 yrs. And doctors. Obtain phd. Become licenses. No prescription of meds. Focus on psychological aspects of the disorders. - Psychiatrist: medical doctor, and can prescribe drugs. Clinical training. Focus on understanding problems from a biological perspective. - Psychoanalyst: medical doctors, and has a phd. Offers long term therapy. Talk-therapy. Most often with out medications - Social workers : 2 year degree. Master work in social work, works with families. Works with families. - Counseling psychology: train people with life adjustment problems. University counseling centers. Has a phd.
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