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Textbook note-Chapter 12-Personality Disorders Apr 1

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Neil Rector

PSY240: April 1 Chapter 12: Personality Disorders Personality personality: all the ways we have of acting, thinking and believing and feelings that make each of us unique personality trait: complex pattern of behaviour thoughts, and feelings that is stable across time Defining and Diagnosing Personality Disorders personality disorder long standing patten of maladaptive thoughts, behaviours and feelings must have shown symptoms since adolescence to early adulthood placed in axis II of DSM but usually it is comorbid with a axis I disorder cluster A: Odd-Eccentric Personality Disorder symptoms like schizophrenia but they maintain grasp on reality cluster B: Dramatic-Emotional Personality Disorders tend to be volatile, manipulative, and uncaring in social relationships cluster C: Anxious-Fearful Personality Disorder little self confidence and have difficult relationship with others Problems with DSM categories 705708039884209KL3J6:,OL9,9L;0OL11070399K,33472,O-:9L970,OOL843O6:,39L9,9L;0ly different lots of overlap hard for clinicians to obtain personal information necessary for diagnosis represent stable characteristics of an individual but they have been shown to change over time Gender and Ethnic Biases in Construction and Application clinicians may be quick to apply labels of: cluster A disorders to women bc the symptoms are flamboyant behaviour, emotionality, and dependence on others is just a extreme stereotype of women cluster B disorders to men bc the symptoms are violent, hostile, overcontrolling behaviour is an extreme of stereotype of men antisocial, and paranoid diagnosis for African American bc they perceive violence and hostility Odd-Eccentric Personality Disorder Paranoid Personality Disorder mistrust of others often notice little details no one else notices such as grimacing of the face and they spend great deal of time trying to decipher these clues about other peoples intentions 0.5-5.6 prevalence rate male:female = 3:1 indirect means by cognitive psychiatrists to try to alter the incorrect cognition but no not challenge the belief directly Schizoid Personality Disorder lack desire to form relationships and are emotionally cold in interaction with others rare disorder, prevalence rate: 0.4-1.7% male: female = 3:1
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