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Textbook note-Chapter 13-Childhood Disorders Mar 16

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Neil Rector

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PSY240 Notes: March 16 Chapter 13: Childhood Disorders Childhood disorders 13 of all children suffer from emotionalbehavioural disorder by the time they are 16 resilient children: children who face major stressors but do not develop severe psychological problems study of childhood disorders known as: developmental psychopathology Behaviour Disorders Attention-DeficitHyperactivity Disorder aka. ADHD Combined type: >6 symptoms of inattention & >6 symptoms of hyperactivity Predominantly inattention type: >6 symptoms of inattention & <6 symptoms of hyperactivity Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type: >6 symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity & <6 symptoms of inattention 25% of children with ADHD have learning disabilities 1-7% prevalence rate most children grow out of AHDH Biological Contributors to ADHD frontal lobe, caudate nucleus within the base of the basal ganglia and the corpus collosum are implicated dopamine neurotransmitter implicated 10-35% of immediate family member also have ADHD prenatal and birth complications also contribute to ADHD Treatment for ADHD stimulant drugs such as Ritalin are commonly prescribed to ppl with ADHD 70-85% response rate by decreasing disruptive behaviour work by increasing dopamine levels in the synapse side effects include increase in tic behaviour antidepressants may also be used for children who have both depressive symptoms and ADHD (less effective in treating ADHD than stimulant drugs) drugs effecting norepinephrine level: clonidine and guanfacine they can help reduce tics Conduct Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder engaging in serious transgressions of societal norms for behaviour 3-7% prevalence rate DSM criteria: pg. 471 table13.5 oppositional defiant disorder less severe case of chronic conduct disorder: does not destroy property, are not aggressive toward people or animals, and does not show pattern of theft and deceit DSM criteria: pg. 472 table 13.6 begins early in toddlers and preschool some children outgrow the disorder, others go on to develop conduct disorder boys 3X more likely to develop both disorders Biological Contributors to Conduct Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder
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