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Psychology (3,457)
PSY240H1 (233)
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Summarized and reformatted notes originally posted by the prof when she was sick. Works great to print 2 pages per side if paper =)

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University of Toronto St. George

1 PSY240 Lecture 9 Substance Use Substance intoxication Disorders Substance abuse Substance dependence We live in a culture of socially sanctioned Substance withdrawal addictions. Canada = drug culture: Substance Intoxication Wake up to coffeetea Development of reversible symptoms + Drink more coffeecola to say alert maladaptive behavioural or psychological throughout the day changes due to direct physiological effects of a substance on the CNS Drink alcohol to relax and become more social Perceptionex. LSD Take aspirin to reduce pain Wakefulnessex. Sedative Many substances come from plants, Attentionex. Marijuana o used for medicinal, spiritual, and Thinkingex. Marijuana endurance purposes for centuries Judgmentex. Alcohol Opium - produced from the poppy plant, Mood labilityex. Cocaine used for hundreds of years to relieve Psychomotor behaviourex. pain Amphetamine Natives in the Andes - chewed coca Interpersonal behaviour (ex. leaves to increase endurance belligerence)ex. Alcohol Coca leaves manufactured into Diagnosis only given when: cocaine o behavioural + psychological changes Cocaine used in Europe and cause significant disruption in social America at the turn of the and family relationships, occupational century to relieve fatigue, used in or financial problems, or place the original coca-cola person at risk for adverse effects (ex. Aztecs and other native groups in the accidents, medical ailments, legal U.S. and Canada - chewed Peyote cactus problems) to experience visual hallucinations Wide cultural variations in attitudes, Factors Affecting Intoxication patterns of use, accessibility, physiological Factors affecting intoxication: reactions, prevalence of substance-related Type of substance & route of disorders administration Some groups forbid use of any drugs, Route of administration of a others accept or even encourage drug substance = important factor in use determining effects + likelihood Evaluation of an individuals pattern of of tolerance and withdrawal substance use must take these factors Routes of administration that into account produce more rapid and efficient absorption into bloodstream (ex. DSM-IV Disorders intravenous, smoking, snorting) Before 1980 and introduction of DSM-III, more intense high and greater discussion of alcoholism and drug abuse risk of dependence (ex. Crack) considered part of sociopathic personality These routes of administration disturbances quickly deliver a large amount of 4 substance-related conditions recognized drug to brain, associated w by DSM-IV:
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