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PSY240H1 (233)
S.Cassin (41)

Personality Disorders

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University of Toronto St. George

Personality Disorders 22:08 Axis II disorder. Features of Personality Disorders Enduring patterns that deviate from cultural expectations Pattern is manifested in: Cognition, affect, interpersonal functioning, andor impulse control Pervasive: Evident across a wide range of personal, social, and occupational situations Clinically significant impairment: Personal distress or impairment in social and occupational functioning Early onset and stability: Evident since at least late adolescence and stable DSM IV Personality Disorders Cluster A: Odd or eccentric Paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal Paranoid PD: a pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others motives. Prevalence is about 1.5 2%. Schizoid PD: a pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of expression of emotions in interpersonal settings. Very indifferent. Neither desires nor enjoys close relationships Almost always chooses solitary activities Little interest in sex Takes pleasure in few, if any, activities Lacks close friends Appears indifferent to praisecriticism of others Shows emotional coldness, detachment, or flattened affectivity Schizotypal PD: A pervasive pattern of social and interpersonal deficits marked by acute discomfort with, and reduced capacity for, close relationships as well as by cognitive or perceptual distortions or eccentricities of behaviour. Ideas of reference Odd beliefs or magical thinking Unusual perceptual experiences Odd thinking and speech Suspiciousness or paranoid ideation
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