PSY240 Abnormal Psychology September 26 , 2012
-Know topics that overlap in both particularly well
-Won’t be tested on supplemental readings
-MC and short answer
**Paper: APA style ->latest version if possible
-Use primary sources! (No secondary sources)
1. Ethical and Legal issues
A. Psychologist’s environments
B. Informed consent
C. Psychologist’s behavior
F. Ethics in research
A – Main environments which psychologists practice their profession:
Clinical environment, Research environment, Teaching environment
o Other environments include: administrative environment, test
construction/administration, expert witnesses (forensics)
Clinical environment’s sister -> counseling psychology
o Not interested in psychopathology
o Interested in things such as relationship/marriage problems
Clinical Psychology (ethics and legalities)
o Affected how we practice what we do (psychology)
o Determined what ethical guidelines should be
o Nazis conducted experiments on people in concentration camps against their will
Conducted in Nuremberg – Nuremberg Trials
Set guidelines for how we treat people (clinically, medically)
The concept of informed consent (B)
Humans have the right to deny participation
Laws = Written rules. Something that you HAVE to do.
Ethics = How to behave. They are guidelines. (Won’t go to jail/legal sanctioning)
B – Cannot get consent from children until the age of 10
o Advised to get consent from parent(s)/guardian until age of majority PSY240 Abnormal Psychology September 26 , 2012
What if someone can’t give their own consent?
Developmental delay, retardation
People past a particular age developing dementia
C - #1 Ethical Guideline:
No sex with clients EVER! (Breaking ethical guidelines lead to professional penalties such as loss
of job, or even loss of license.)
o Minimum of three years of non-intimate relationship (eg. 3+ years of not being a client)
Client says they feel like killing themselves. What do you do?
o To determine the seriousness of the statement, you ask about whether they’ve thought
about how they’re going to do it. (Method of suicide).
“I need psychological help. I’ve killed somebody.”
o You do not report it to authorities. That would be a breach of confidentiality and could
be used against you in court.
“I want to kill myself but don’t want to see anybody about it”
o Report it to the authorities.
ECT = treatment for profound depression -> ethical dilemma
o Damned if you do, damned if you don’t
Get consent from family
Do treatment (a couple of ‘forced’ seizures)
Results? No more depression, but lost memories & anger
B – Informed consent: When I interact with you, I tell you what the action will be and the consequences.
You tell me that you do in fact consent.
Clinical environment -> I tell you what my training is in, and what you can expect from me.
o Tell this to your client
D – Canadian Ethics Guideline ->