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Hywel Morgan

PSY240 Abnormal Psychology September 26 , 2012 **Midterm/Final Exam -Know textbook/lectures -Know topics that overlap in both particularly well -Won’t be tested on supplemental readings -MC and short answer **Paper: APA style ->latest version if possible -Use primary sources! (No secondary sources) 1. Ethical and Legal issues A. Psychologist’s environments B. Informed consent C. Psychologist’s behavior D. Risk/harm E. Tarasoff F. Ethics in research G. Confidentiality A – Main environments which psychologists practice their profession:  Clinical environment, Research environment, Teaching environment o Other environments include: administrative environment, test construction/administration, expert witnesses (forensics)  Clinical environment’s sister -> counseling psychology o Not interested in psychopathology o Interested in things such as relationship/marriage problems Clinical Psychology (ethics and legalities)  WW2 (aftermath) o Affected how we practice what we do (psychology) o Determined what ethical guidelines should be o Nazis conducted experiments on people in concentration camps against their will  Conducted in Nuremberg – Nuremberg Trials  Set guidelines for how we treat people (clinically, medically)  The concept of informed consent (B)  Humans have the right to deny participation Laws = Written rules. Something that you HAVE to do. Ethics = How to behave. They are guidelines. (Won’t go to jail/legal sanctioning) B – Cannot get consent from children until the age of 10 o Advised to get consent from parent(s)/guardian until age of majority PSY240 Abnormal Psychology September 26 , 2012 What if someone can’t give their own consent?  Mentally incapacitated  Developmental delay, retardation  People past a particular age developing dementia  Drugged people  Incarcerated C - #1 Ethical Guideline:  No sex with clients EVER! (Breaking ethical guidelines lead to professional penalties such as loss of job, or even loss of license.) o Minimum of three years of non-intimate relationship (eg. 3+ years of not being a client)  Client says they feel like killing themselves. What do you do? o To determine the seriousness of the statement, you ask about whether they’ve thought about how they’re going to do it. (Method of suicide).  “I need psychological help. I’ve killed somebody.” o You do not report it to authorities. That would be a breach of confidentiality and could be used against you in court.  “I want to kill myself but don’t want to see anybody about it” o Report it to the authorities.  ECT = treatment for profound depression -> ethical dilemma o Damned if you do, damned if you don’t  Get consent from family  Do treatment (a couple of ‘forced’ seizures)  Results? No more depression, but lost memories & anger B – Informed consent: When I interact with you, I tell you what the action will be and the consequences. You tell me that you do in fact consent.  Clinical environment -> I tell you what my training is in, and what you can expect from me. o Tell this to your client D – Canadian Ethics Guideline ->
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