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PSY260H1 Personality notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Jan Paulsson

Personality A person’s unique pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are consistent over time and situations. Sigmund Freud The Father of Psychology (Pioneer) First Psychotherapist Emphasized Early Childhood Experiences Sexuality The Unconscious Mind The Unconscious Mind Instincts, Drives Eros – Life Instinct Thanatos – Death Instinct Mental Structures ID Pleasure Principle “Primary Process Thinking” Pleasure = Drive Reduction Ego Reality Principle “Secondary Process Thinking” Superego Conscience, Morality What if the Superego never forms? The Sociopath Ego Defense Mechanisms Repression Denial Projection Identification Regression Intellectualization Reaction Formation Displacement Displacement Sublimation Psychosexual Stages of Development Libido (Sexual energy) – focused on different parts of the body at different times. Fixations can occur at any stage. Psychosexual Stages of Development • (1) Oral Stage (Birth – 18 Months) • (2) Anal Stage (18 Months – 3 1/2 years) Superego begins to develop • (3) Phallic Stage (3 – 5) Identification Oedipal Complex (Boys) Electra Complex (Girls) • (4) Latency Period (6 – 12, 13) • (5) Genital Stage (13+) Focus shifts from self to other Psychological Determinism Everything, according to Freud, has a reason. SSlips of the tongue. DDreams – May be interpreted Manifest Content – What happened Latent Content – Hidden Meaning Personality Part II Personality Part II Carl Jung (1875 – 1961) Personal Unconscious Collective Unconscious ""psychic inheritance." AA collection of our experiences as a species WWisdom of past generations IInstincts Archetypes Anima and Animus (Female and Male Sides of our personality). The Persona (Our public image, the masks we wear). Introversion/Extroversion Erik Erikson (1902-1994) Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development Each stage has a particular crisis to deal with. Focus on interpersonal relationships throughout our lives. Age
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