Class Notes (835,309)
Canada (509,088)
Psychology (3,518)
PSY270H1 (202)
Lecture

Lecture 1 - Jan. 8 2013[1].pdf888.pdf

4 Pages
77 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSY270H1
Professor
Gillian Rowe
Semester
Fall

Description
January 8, 2013 Lecture  #1   Introduction  to  Psychology     Why  Study  Psychology?   • Perhaps  you’re  interested  in  people,  and  psych  is  about  what  makes  people  tick   • You’re  a  person  –  maybe  you  want  to  figure  yourself  out     • Maybe  you  want  to  help  people   • You  heard  it  was  interesting   • Because  you  want  to  more  effectively  reach  your  goals"  -­‐  goal  selecting  -­‐  psychology  can   dramatically  help  you  do  that  -­‐  the  science  of  motivation   • There  are  many  reasons  –  but  your  reasons  for  doing  something  are  innately  tied  to   your  success  in  it   • You  have  trauma  you  want  insight  into  dealing  with   o If  you  join  something  that  is  not  important  to  you,  you  wont  have  as  much   motivation  to  try  or  pay  attention  –  extrinsic  motivation  is  usually  tied  with   giving  up     o But  if  it  is  deeply  rooted,  psychologically  speaking,  you  will  be  more  inclined  to   do  well   • Whatever your reasons are psychology provides important insights into people and is useful counselling, teaching, research, selling cars, consulting, management etc. ü Random Tip!: Diary writing daily is shown to decrease stress – reflective thought to sort through issues Course  Administration   • We  have  many  TA’s,  each  of  whom  specializing  in  different  areas  of  psyc  gy   o Make  use  of  them  –  ask  them  any  questions  related  to  psychology,  grad   school,  university  life  et     • There  will  be  tutorials  in  this  class  that  are  not  mandatory  -­‐  before  tests  and  after   tests  for  review  –  see  blackboard  for  det     • E-­‐mail  address:  [email protected]  -­‐  check  blackboard  to  ensure  this  is   correct  address   • Office  hours  –  listed  on  blackboard   • 2  midterms,  a  final  exam  and  experimental  participation  (must  participate  in  4   experiments  =  4%  of  grade)     o Can  sign  up  for  tutorials  through  link  on  blackboard  –  see  for  detail     ü Some  Background  about  Professor:  Currently  researching  environmental   issues,  climate  change,  environmental  communication    -­‐  finding  solutions  to   climate  change  by  changing  attitudes  of  people     (Some)  Fundamental  Insights  of  Psych…     Insight  1:  Reality  is  a  story  told  to  us  by  our  brain   • We  go  through  life  thinking  we’re  plugged  into  reality  and  interact/perceive  the   world  accurately     o Not  true,  we  don’t  interact  directly  with  reality  –  we  interact  with  a  story  we   concoct  for  ourselves   • Matrix  Example  –  Leo  learns  that  reality  is  different  than  he  believes   • Our  brains  are  like  artists,  not  mirrors!   • Our  experiences  do  not  reflect  reality  itself,  but  rather  a  construction  or   representation  of  reality!   1. This  construction  process  involves  a  lot  of  guess  work  –  “filling  in  the   gaps”   a. There’s  many  gaps  in  perception,  so  we  create  a  story  in  our  minds  of   what  is  going  on;  however,  we  are  not  aware  we  do  this   2. This  subjective  representation  occurs  in  the  brain   a. To  understand  the  human,  we  ned  to  understand  the  brain     b. Limitations  of  our  sensory-­‐perceptual  systems  are  due  to:   i. The  sensitivity  of  our  sensory  mechanisms  (can’t  smell  like  an   animal)   ii. Our  attention  capacity  (can  only  handle  so  much  info  at  once)   3. Perception   a. Process  of  creative-­‐story  telling  and  inference  making  (filling  in  the   gaps)   b. Most  of  the  time  filling  in  the  gaps  is  highly  functional;  but  sometimes   reality  does  not  agree  with  perceptions     4. How  does  the  mind  perceive  reality?   a. Process  of  pattern  matching   i. Most  of  what  we  experience  in  present  has  a  lot  to  do  with  past     ii. What  brain  has  learned  to  see  in  past,  is  largely  what  it  ses  in   present     Insight  2:  We  have  limited  capacity  to  process  information     • We  rely  on  Heuristics  –  rules  of  thumb,  habitual  ways  of  thinking   • 1  type  of  heuristic  is  stereotypes:   o beliefs  about  different  social  groups  -­‐  we  have  stereotypes  because  our   society  gives  them  to  us     o Example:  Torontonians  are  uptight,  judgemental  materialists  who  think   • Stereotypes  give  us  Biases:   o Relying  heavily  on  our  beliefs  
More Less

Related notes for PSY270H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit