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PSY270H1 (202)
Lecture

Lecture on Language

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY270H1
Professor
Gillian Rowe
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 5 Morphology: content morphemes (convey core of the meaning) vs. function morphemes (add nuances to core meaning) Key features of human spoken language Hierarchical structure Arbitrariness: no inherent connection btw a unit in language and the concept it denotes (principle of conventionality) Generativity: can produce infinite number of sentences Dynamic: create new words with new development (ie: spam) Displacement: possible to refer to remote timeplace Evidence for biologicalgenetic predisposition 1) Genetic disorders impair spare language (ie: Down syndrome, Williams syndrome) selective language impairment (SLI) = grammar difficulties 2) Creation of systematic language by children: sign language created by isolated deaf children; pidgin creole 3) Critical periods: language acquisition must occur in early life to gain native-level competence (come earlier, the better) 4) Universal stages: cooing
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