Class Notes (806,431)
Canada (492,249)
Psychology (3,452)
PSY290H1 (34)
Yeoman (3)

Lecture 1 Physiological Psychology.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George

Lecture 1 Physiological Psychology PSY290H1F John Yeomans  Chapters 1&2 o Daniela Bellcoso  Friday Review Sessions o Optional, for discussing brain diseases, etc. o 50 minutes each  Quizzes o 20% of final grade o 3 quizzes, but highest 2 grades are used  Biological Psychology Courses is in 4 half-courses: o PSY290 [taking it!]: Basic brain mechanisms, anatomy, chemistry, etc. Evolution, genes, and proteins o PSY280 [took it!] : Vision and Audition o PSY270 [taking it!] : Cognition and imaging (Neuropsychology) o PSY260 [not taking it] : Learning and memory  Why study the brain? o Medical reasons  Retardation, psychosis, degeneration: stroke, and trauma are long-term, expensive disorders (amount to about ½ of all medical costs) o Genetic reasons:  More genes are expressed in brain (80%) than any other organ o Psychological reasons:  Basis of all our thoughts and feelings o Philosophical reasons:  What makes mind work? Why are humans special?  What are Thoughts and Feelings? o Egypt Beating heart (Moving fluids in blood) o Hippocrates (400 BC): Air moving through brain  Noticed that there are “fluid cavities” called ventricles, which was thought to allow thoughts, in the form of fluid/air, to pass through the brain. o Galen (130) Moving fluids (ventricles and nerves)  Similar conclusion to Hippocrates  Looked at how the ventricles were designed to see if it was a map of thoughts. o Descartes (1662) Dualism: Mind and body separate  Believed it was the moving fluids, which were bouncing off of the pineal gland o Helmholtz (19 century) Electricity and physical energy  It was discovered that the brain was run by electricity, not fluids.  He proposed that the brain was made of entirely physical forces, not by way of ventricles but by way of the neurons. th o 20 century: Electrical and chemical signs of neurons work together  Localization of memories, emotions, and cognitions in brain.  From synapses to proteins to genes.  Evolution of the Brain o Our brains can contain vestigial parts that are no longer useful
More Less

Related notes for PSY290H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.